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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2012 Vol.31 No.3

Exploitation on Spring Stereotypic Behavior of Giant Pandas(Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Wildlife Park of High-altitude Region
Author of the article:ZHOU Jie-long1, MA Guo-qiang2, LI Qi-sheng1, LIU Cheng-hui3, LIU Dan-dan1, YE Yan-lin1, WANG Xiong-b
Author's Workplace:(1. College of Life Sciences, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China; 2. China Forest Exploration & Design Institute on Kunming; Kunming 650216, China;3. Yunnan Wildlife Park, Kunming 650011, China)
Key Words:high-altitude;wildlife park;giant pandas;subadult;spring;stereotyped behavior
Abstract:The stereotypic behaviors of 3 female sub-adult giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) were studied in Yunnan Wildlife Park of high-altitude region, Kunming from February 26thto May 2nd in 2011. The duration and the frequency of behaviors were observed and recorded by continuous recording method and focal animal sampling method. The correlation of the stereotypic behavior levels with the number of park visitors as well as with the mean hourly temperature was analyzed. The findings demonstrate that the peaks of the frequency and the duration appeared at 10:00~11:00 and 16:00~17:00, which had significant differences for different periods of time (x2=61.183, P0.01; x2=56.470, P0.01). For the share of the daily duration time devoted to stereotypic behavior, the difference of all samples did not reach the statistical significance (x2=3.185, P0.05). In contrast, there were significant differences (x2=7.796, P0.05) at 14:00~15:00 and highly significant differences (x2=11.536~20.212, P0.01) at other periods of time for the frequency of behaviors among three samples. The duration of stereotypic behavior was not significantly correlated with the mean hourly temperatures and the number of park visitors (rs-0.012, P0.05; rs0.187, P0.05). So was the frequency (rs-0.067, P0.05; rs0.159, P0.05). In addition, the time budget of stereotypic behavior showed as follows: stereotypic pacing (PC) accounted for 56.78%, with the highest percentage of the total observation time, followed by climbing cage (CC) and sucking paw (SP), other behaviors such as ruck (RK)pirouctte (PI) and sit pirouette (SPI), which only accounted for 1.20%.
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