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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2011 Vol.30 No.2

Blue Crane Breeding in Beijing Zoo
Author of the article:ZHANG Jing, ZHAO Xi-sen, LIU Yu-ping, LIU Shuang-li, ZHOU Jun-ying
Author's Workplace:(Beijing Zoo, Beijing 100044, China)
Key Words:blue crane; breeding
Abstract:The blue crane, Anthropoides paradisea, isnaturally distributed in South Africa, however a breeding program was started at the Beijing Zoo in 2005 after being transferred from Belgium in 2001. Heat was needed for this bird in winter, but the withstanding cold training wasalso needed for them to adapt to the cold weather in Beijing. They preferred a more vegetarian diet. Protein content of the diet during the breeding season and non-breeding season are 34.9% and 21.6% respectively and the average energy is 16.6 kJ/kg. The semen is pellucid and translucent. Females reach sexual maturity earlier than males. In Beijing, the breeding season is from March to June with a clutch size of 2.The period of 35 to 60 days is peak of physical development of the young.Artificial insemination can be used to improve the reproduction rate of blue cranes.
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