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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2022 Vol.41 No.1

Effects of Different Nursing Experience on the Urine Cortisol Level of Captive Adult Female Giant Pandas
Author of the article:ZHANG Xiaohui1, ZHANG Mingyue1,2*, ZHANG Ping1, HUANG Xiangming1,2, WU Kongju1,2, LAN Jingchao1,2, HOU Rong1,2
Author's Workplace:1. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife, Chengdu 610081, China;
2. Sichuan Academy of Giant Panda, Chengdu 610081, China
Key Words:captive adult female giant panda; nursing experience; urine cortisol; welfare
Abstract:Nursing protocols in giant panda conservation breeding programs often strongly deviate from the natural cub-rearing behaviors observed in situ, potentially influence the expression of species-typical behavior of both dams and cubs. To evaluate the effects of different nursing methods on the welfare of captive adult female giant pandas, and to improve the feeding management of captive giant pandas during the nursing period and the design of animal shelter parameters, in this study, nine captive adult female giant pandas managed with the different nursing methods were selected. Urine cortisol concentrations during the early nursing period (1-3 months) were tested by using ELISA. The results showed that the urine cortisol concentration of adult female giant pandas in the artificially assisted nursing group was significantly higher than that in the singleton exclusive breastfeeding nursing group. However, the urine cortisol concentration of multiparous adult female giant pandas raised in captivity was significantly lower than that of primiparous pandas. In conclusion, in the current captive environment, singleton exclusive breastfeeding was a kind of nursing method that matched natural cub-rearing characteristics and was less stressful and welfare to the captive adult female giant pandas.
2022,41(1): 52-57 收稿日期:2021-05-13
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