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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2022 Vol.41 No.1

Preliminary Study on the Influence of Human Disturbance on the Activity Rhythm of Wild Animals in the Tianjin Panshan Scenic Spot
Author of the article:MO Xiuhong1#, MO Qiying1#, LU Xianwang2, GUAN Hongwu2, ZHANG Weibing2, SUN Baojun2, JI Helian2, TIAN Yahui2, ZHAO Dapeng1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China;
2. Tianjin Panshan Scenic Spot Administration Bureau, Tianjin 301900, China
Key Words:Panshan; human disturbance; activity rhythm; wild animals
Abstract:From July 2019 to August 2020, infrared camera technology was applied to focus on the effects of human disturbance in activity rhythm of wild animals in the Tianjin Panshan Scenic Spot. The study analyzed differences in round-the-clock activity rhythm of resident birds and mammals, whose relative abundance index (RAI) are the top five, between regions with and without human disturbance, and between regions with different intensities of human disturbance. The results showed that:1) human disturbance had little effect on the activity rhythm of resident birds. There were significant differences in interregional activity rhythm of red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha)(overlap coefficient △=0.825 7, P=0.041 0) with the highest RAI. While RAI ranked 2nd to 5th in the list were plain laughingthrush (Garrulax davidi)(△=0.857 5, P=0.170 0), common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)(△=0.878 0, P=0.705 0), oriental turtle dove (Streptopelia orientalis)(△=0.870 3, P=0.361 0) and common magpie (Pica pica)(△=0.780 2, P=0.101 0) showed no significant difference of interregional activity rhythms. 2) The influence of human disturbance on the activity rhythm of diurnal mammals was higher than that of nocturnal mammals. The interregional activity rhythm of hog badger (Arctonyx collaris)(△=0.668 6, P=0.448 0) and Asian badger (Meles leucurus)(△=0.842 0, P=0.641 0) did not differ significantly. However, there were significant differences in interregional activity rhythms among Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris)(△=0.775 2, P < 0.000 1), Pére David's rock squirrel (Sciurotamias davidianus)(△=0.853 5, P=0.024 0) and tolai hare (Lepus tolai)(△=0.853 4, P=0.039 0). 3) Wild animals displayed various behavioral responses to different intensities of human disturbance, and some of them could tolerate low levels of human disturbance, while most of them could avoid high levels of human disturbance. This study provides basic scientific reference for our comprehensive conservation and scientific management of wildlife living in the nature reserves.
2022,41(1): 30-41 收稿日期:2021-04-25
分类号:Q958
基金项目:中央财政林业补助资金项目——野生动物监测专项;天津市级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(202010065058);国家自然科学基金项目(31772468)
作者简介:莫秀洪,女,本科生,主要从事野生动物资源保护研究,E-mail:2419555951@qq.com;莫麒颖,女,本科生,主要从事野生动物资源保护研究,E-mail:1650612971@qq.com
*通信作者:赵大鹏,E-mail:skyzdp@tjnu.edu.cn
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