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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.2

Analysis of Changes in Wild Bird Sales in the Daowai Bird Market from the Perspectives of Regulation and Consumer Demand
Author of the article:XIANG Chenxu#, CHEN Ruihan#, LIU Rui, LIU Xinyu, LI Xiang, FU Changjian, XING Xiaoying*
Author's Workplace:College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
Key Words:wild bird sales; market regulation; consumer demand; bird conservation
Abstract:Illegal trade threatens the survival and population stability of wild birds, and both market regulation and consumer demand influence the trend of wild bird trafficking. Therefore, exploring the influences of market regulation and consumer demand on wild bird trafficking are important for bird protection. The Daowai Bird Market is the largest bird trading center in Harbin City. Previous survey conducted in 2017 showed that wild birds accounted for 92.3% of the total bird species sold, and the local regulatory authorities carried out several rectification measures in 2018. By comparing wild bird selling before and after treatment and combining with the investigation of the species and quantity of caged birds in urban areas, this study comprehensively analyzed the influence of market regulation and consumer demand on wild bird selling in the Daowai Bird Market. The results showed that:(1) In 2018, there were 111 bird species (belonging to 73 genera, 28 families and 2 orders) including 103 wild species (belonging to 67 genera, 27 families and 2 orders) accounted for 92.8% of the total, and 11 613 wild birds individuals accounted for 55.4% of the total numbers were recorded. (2) The main factor influencing the fluctuation of the total trade volume in 2018 was the demand has shifted from wild birds to artificially domesticated breeding birds. Compared with the differences of bird trafficking in 2017 and 2018, there were significant inter annual differences between southern bird species and artificially domesticated breeding birds. (3) The common species of caged birds in Harbin was consistent with the most sold bird species in the bird market. Spinus spinus was the No.1 bird species traded in the market and raised by the citizens. These findings revealed that the quantity of wild birds sold in the Daowai Bird Market has decreased significantly after market-rectification, indicative of the positive role of the local regulatory authorities in combating wild bird selling, and the significant impact of citizens' demand for buying and raising birds on the species and quantity of wild birds sold in the bird market. However, the present study did not collect data on the trade of wild birds in other ways, and thus it cannot rule out the situation that wild birds sold by shops in private. For example, in Harbin's April 21st case of illegal trade of wild birds, the number of detected and confiscated wild birds reached 2 936, accounting for 25.3% of the total bird number in the survey. It is suggested that the administrative department should crack down the non-public bird trafficking in the future with serious law enforcement.
2021,40(2): 210-219 收稿日期:2020-08-13
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2572019BE05);国家自然科学基金项目(31501867);东北林业大学大学生创新训练项目(201910225247)
作者简介:向晨旭(1998-),女,本科生,研究方向:鸟类生态学,E-mail:xiangchenxu03@163.com;陈睿涵(2000-),女,本科生,研究方向:鸟类学,E-mail:1798618702@qq.com
*通信作者:邢晓莹,E-mail:ab71588@163.com
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