Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.2

Impacts of Human Activities and Protection Measures on the Survival of Wild Elaphurus davidianus
Author of the article:LIU Bin1, AN Yuting1, XUE Dandan1, SUN Daming1, WANG Libo1, LIU Deyuan2, REN Yijun1, SHEN Hua1
Author's Workplace:1. Administration Office of Jiangsu Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve, Yancheng, Jiangsu Province 224136, China;
2. Leading Group Office of Yellow Sea Wetland Declaration for World Natural Heritage of Yancheng City, Yancheng, Jiangsu Province 224002, China
Key Words:Elaphurus davidianus; human-wildlife conflict; field rescue; threatened factor; mitigation countermeasures
Abstract:In the developed coastal areas of Jiangsu Province, human activities have brought new threats to the growing population of wild milu deer (Elaphurus davidianus). Understanding their relationship is helpful to alleviate or eliminate the negative effects of the threats on wild E. davidianus. In this study, by using the rescued data of wild E. davidianus living outside of the fences of Jiangsu Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve from January 2017 to December 2019, we analyzed the rescue frequency, number of individuals, ages and sexes of E. davidianus among different years, seasons and habitats. In addition, we also summarized the main factors that might threaten the living of E. davidianus. The results showed that 209 times and 409 individuals of wild E. davidianus were rescued during the studied period. Both rescue times (One-Way ANOVA:F=12.516, P < 0.01) and rescue number of individuals (F=4.691, P < 0.05) were significantly different, and showed a gradually increasing trend with years. The rescue times and rescue number of individuals among 8 habitats were also significantly different (K-W test:P < 0.01). Most of the rescue times and rescue individuals were occurred in pond. For seasons, the rescue times and rescue individuals were the highest in autumn. Moreover, we also found that the adult males were more likely to be trapped by human facilities. In summary, falling into water, entangled by nets and traffic crash were the main rescue reasons. Therefore, effective conservation measures such as removing the obstacles around the habitat, reserving crossing passageways and establishing escaped routes are crucial for better protecting wild E. davidianus. Meanwhile, strengthening patrol managements and improving ecological compensation mechanisms should be applied to reduce the adverse effects of human activities on the survival of wild E. davidianus population as well.
2021,40(2): 176-182 收稿日期:2020-09-29
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:江苏省科技创新与推广项目(LYKJ[2019]24)
作者简介:刘彬(1982-),男,林业工程师,研究方向:野生动植物保护与利用,E-mail:15861952240@163.com
参考文献:
蔡静, 蒋志刚. 2006. 人与大型兽类的冲突:野生动物保护所面临的新挑战[J]. 兽类学报, 26(2):183-190.
谌利民, 熊跃武, 马曲波, 等. 2006. 四川唐家河自然保护区周边林缘社区野生动物冲突与管理对策研究[J]. 四川动物, 25(4):781-783.
傅兴伦, 马风龙. 2008. 野生动物与人兽共患病的关系及该病的防控[J]. 实用医药杂志, 25(5):623-624.
郭贤明, 杨正斌, 王兰新, 等. 2012. 西双版纳亚洲象肇事原因分析及缓解对策探讨[J]. 林业调查规划, 37(2):103-108.
何馨成. 2010. 西双版纳社区居民对亚洲象肇事与保护的认知研究[D]. 昆明:云南大学.
李财厚, 王宗尧, 欧阳凤仔, 等. 2013. 油菜田鸟害及其防治措施[J]. 作物研究, 27(4):373-375.
李够霞, 吴瑞俊, 白岗栓. 2013. 谷子成熟期的鸟害调查及防治方法[J]. 农学学报, 3(5):18-21.
李永杰. 1999. 人类活动对滇西临沧地区野生动物资源的影响[J]. 生态经济, 3:13-15.
刘培培, 赵欣如, 张红娟, 等. 2010. 中国常见农业害鸟及其防治研究进展[J]. 江苏农业科学, 38(2):139-141.
宋延龄. 2004. 四十年来海南坡鹿分布区和种群数量的变迁及其原因[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
宋玉成, 李鹏飞, 杨道德, 等. 2015. 湖北石首散养麋鹿种群的调控机制:密度制约下种群产仔率下降[J]. 生物多样性, 23(1):33-40.
殷宝法, 淮虎银, 张镱锂, 等. 2006. 青藏铁路、公路对野生动物活动的影响[J]. 生态学报, 26(12):3917-3923.
余海慧, 吴建平, 樊育英. 2009. 辽宁东部地区野猪危害调查[J]. 野生动物学报, 30(3):124-128.
原宝东. 2008. 内蒙古东部达赉湖地区狼(Canis lupus)——家畜冲突研究[D]. 山东:曲阜师范大学.
曾娅杰, 徐基良, 崔国发, 等. 2010. 人类活动对海南岛大型兽类资源的影响及保护对策研究[J]. 四川动物, 29(5):550-555.
张劲硕, 梁冰, 张树义. 2003. 浅议野生动物与人类共患疾病[J]. 动物学杂志, 38(4):123-127.
Bissonette JA, Kassar CA, Cook LJ. 2008. Assessment of costs associated with deer-vehicle collisions:human death and injury, vehicle damage, and deer loss[J]. Human Wildlife Conflicts, 2(1):17-27.
Hill CM. 2015. Perspectives of "conflict" at the wildlife-agriculture boundary:10 years on[J]. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20(4):296-301.
Hoare RE. 1999. Determinants of human-elephant conflict in a land-use mosaic[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36 (5):689-700.
Kaartinen S, Luoto M, Kojola I. 2009. Carnivore-livestock conflicts:determinants of wolf (Canis lupus) depredation on sheep farms in Finland[J]. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18(13):3503-3517.
Kaczensky P. 1999. Large carnivore depredation on livestock in Europe[J]. Ursus, 11(1):59-72.
Madhusudan MD. 2003. Living amidst large wildlife:livestock and crop depredation by large mammals in the interior villages of Bhadra Tiger Reserve, south India[J]. Environmental Management, 31(4):466-475.
Messmer TA. 2009. Human-wildlife conflicts:emerging challenges and opportunities[J]. Human-Wildlife Conflicts, 3(1):10-17.
Ng JW, Nielsen C, St. Clair CC. 2008. Landscape and traffic factors influencing deer-vehicle collisions in an urban environment[J]. Human Wildlife Conflicts, 2(1):34-47.
Ratnayeke S, Van Manen FT, Pieris R, et al. 2014. Challenges of large carnivore conservation:sloth bear attacks in Sri Lanka[J]. Human Ecology, 42(3):467-479.
Schley L, Dufrêne M, Krier A, et al. 2008. Patterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Luxembourg over a 10-year period, European[J]. Journal of Wildlife Research, 54(4):589-599.
Sitienei AJ, Jiwen G, Ngene SM. 2014. Assessing the cost of living with elephants (Loxodonta africana) in areas adjacent to Meru National Park, Kenya[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 60(2):323-330.
CopyRight©2021 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology 蜀ICP备08107403号-3