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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.2

Study on the Habitat Selection of Alpine Musk Deer in the Helan Mountains in Autumn
Author of the article:MI Shuhui1, ZHAO Chang1,2, SUN Jia1, LI Zongzhi1, TENG Liwei1,3, LIU Zhensheng1,3*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China;
2. Department of Human Resources, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Harbin 150040, China
Key Words:Moschus sifanicus; habitat selection; Helan Mountains
Abstract:Study on the habitat selection of wildlife is one of the most important contents of wildlife management. During the autumn of 2014-2016, the habitat selection of alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus) was studied using the transect method and quadrat method in the Helan Mountains. Seventeen ecological factors were measured in 181 used quadrats and 75 control quadrats. Non-numerical ecological factors were analyzed using the chi-square test, and Bonferroni's inequality was used to analyze the preference or avoidance of M. sifanicus. Mann-Whitney U-test was then used to compare the differences of 13 numberical ecological facrors between used quadrats and control quadrats. Finally, stepwise discriminant function analysis was used to analyze the 8 ecological factors with significant differences among the numerical ecological factors. The results showed that:(1) M. sifanicus prefers mountain coniferous forest with Picea crassifolia as the dominant tree at shady and middle slope; (2) M. sifanicus prefers the habitats with higher elevation, higher tree density, closer distance to tree, lower shrub density, farther distance to human disturbance, farther distance to the bare rock and higher sheltering; (3) ecological factors with significant differences were ranked according to their contribution values with sheltering level as the highest, followed by distance to bare rock, elevation, distance to human disturbance, shrub density, tree height, distance to tree and tree density. Sheltering is the most important ecological factor which affects habitat selection of M. sifanicus in autumn.
2021,40(2): 169-175 收稿日期:2020-11-07
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31870512);中央高校基本科研基金项目(2572014CA03);黑龙江头雁森林生态与保护创新研究团队项目
作者简介:米书慧(1995-),硕士研究生,主要从事野生动物生态学研究,E-mail:15282450817@163.com
*通信作者:刘振生,E-mail:zhenshengliu@163.com
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