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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.2

Factors Influencing the Escape Distance of Tree Sparrows in Beijing City
Author of the article:ZHANG Fanmeng, YAN Ran, LIU Ziyan, XIA Canwei*
Author's Workplace:Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Key Words:Passer montanus; escape distance; Beijing; urban birds
Abstract:Urbanization represents a dreadful challenge for wildlife. Behavioral adjustments assist animals in dealing with the urbanization process. Short escape distance is an important behavioral flexibility of birds in adaptation to urban environments. In this study, factors influencing the escape distances of a common urban bird species, tree sparrow (Passer montanus), were investigated in Beijing City. By observing 1 326 tree sparrows from 14 parks and 15 campuses in Beijing City during the summer of 2019, we found that the alert distance of tree sparrows was 5.67 m±1.13 m, the flight initiation distance was 4.92 m±1.12 m, and the distance fled was 6.51 m±1.75 m. The escape distance of tree sparrows was influenced by the combined effects of flock sizes, risk-taking and accessibility of refuge. Specially, alert distance, flight initiation distance, and distance fled decreased as flock sizes increased with lower risk-taking for each individual; alert distance increased when there were few places to take refuge; flight initiation distance decreased as the number of pedestrians increased; tree sparrows preferred shorter distance fled when there were more predators, like cats, in the habitat. These findings provide evidence of intraspecific variation in escape distance, and highlight the need of an integrated view of escape decisions to fully understand how animals tolerate urban environments.
2021,40(2): 160-168 收稿日期:2020-08-22
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