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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.1

Preliminary Camera-Trapping Survey on Wild Mammals and Birds in the Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve, Sichuan
Author of the article:ZHAO Ding1, LYU Xinping1, WU Yong1, PANG Dehong1, YANG Xu2, YANG Biao3*, LI Shengqiang4,5*
Author's Workplace:1. Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve Administration, Pingwu, Sichuan Province 622550, China;
2. Chengdu Xing-Ai Information Technology Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610051, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation(Ministry of Education), China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China;
4. Sichuan Institute of Science of Giant Panda, Chengdu 610057, China;
5. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Rare and Endangered Animal Ecology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 541004, China
Key Words:Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve; infrared camera technology; mammal; bird; relative abundance index; grid occupancy
Abstract:Species cataloging assessment is the basis of biodiversity research and conservation, and wildlife diversity monitoring is essential for updating local species cataloging data. From April 2016 to December 2018, camera traps were installed to investigare the diversity of mammals and birds in the Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve (Sichuan Province, China). With an intensive survey effort of 31 148 camera days at 169 locations covering 109 km2, 27 402 photographs, 19 621 videos, 16 696 total records and 2 845 independent records were collected. A total of 51 species from 20 families and 7 orders, including 4 orders, 13 families and 22 species of mammals, 3 orders, 7 families and 29 species of birds, were finally identified. Specifically, 18 species are listed as key protected wild animals in China, among which 4 species of mammals and 2 species of birds are listed as class Ⅰ nationally protected species and 7 species of mammals and 5 species of birds are listed as class Ⅱ. Two species are evaluated as Endangered by IUCN Red List, 6 as Vulnerable and 3 as Near Threatened. Among the animal species, Chinese goral (Naemorhedus griseus) was found to have the highest relative abundance index and grid occupancy, while Temminck’s tragopan (Tragopan temminckii) and blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) had the highest relative abundance index and grid occupancy among the bird species. According to the monitoring results in the recent years, a total of 33 species of mammals and birds were photographed annually, 12 species were photographed in 2 years, and 6 species were photographed only in 1 year. This study monitors and records wild mammal and bird species in the Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve by using infrared camera technology for the first time since the establishment of the reserve, and thus provides important basic data for the update of local species cataloging, subsequent scientific research and protection management.
2021,40(1): 23-33 收稿日期:2020-08-22
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