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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.1

Study on the Temporal Niche Characteristics and Overlaps of Carnivores and Their Preys Using Infrared Cameras in Xinlong County
Author of the article:CHEN Chao1,2, HOU Rong1,2, WU Wei1,2, ZHANG Zhihe1,2, GU Xiaodong3, QI Dunwu1,2*
Author's Workplace:1. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife, Chengdu 610081, China;
2. Sichuan Academy of Giant Panda, Chengdu 610081, China;
3. Scientific Research and Education Department, Sichuan Forestry and Grassland Bureau, Chengdu 610081, China
Key Words:Xinlong County; infrared cameras; Carnivora; temporal niche; niche overlap
Abstract:In this study, trapping stations were established to investigate the temporal niche characteristics and overlaps of carnivores and their preys in Xinlong County, Sichuan Province. From January 2013 to December 2014, a total of 4 148 valid independent photos were collected and 17 species of mammals and 1 unidentified rodent species were identified. Specifically, there were 9 large carnivores including Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Prionailurus bengalensis, Panthera pardus, Ursus thibetanus, Martes flavigula, Mustela sibirica, Arctonyx collaris and Mustela altaica, 8 non-carnivores including Lepus oiostolus, Capricornis milneedwardsii, Moschus berezovskii, Elaphodus cephalophus, Macaca mulatta, Cervus equinus, Sus scrofa, Tamiops swinhoei, and unidentified species of Muridae. Relative abundance index, temporal niche width and niche overlap were then used to analyze the temporal differentiation and relationships among these species. The results showed that: (1) the total relative abundance index of the 18 species reached 156.26 in growing season and 151.48 in non-growing season; (2) only the temporal niche width of U. thibetanus in non-growing seasons was less than 0.5; (3) in growing season, the temporal niche overlap between L. oiostolus and C. equinus was the highest (0.939), followed by Mustela sibirica and Mustela altaica (0.918), Mustela altaica and Macaca mulatta (0.873). However, in non-growing season, the highest temporal niche overlap was detected between E. cephalophus and C. equinus (0.933), followed by C. equinus and C. lupus (0.862), E. cephalophus and C. lupus (0.853). This study provides a preliminary understanding of the temporal niche differentiation and overlap of large and medium-sized carnivores and their potential preys in Xinlong County. It is helpful to understand the interspecific relationship and coexistence mechanism of various species, and can provide background data for biodiversity research, animal protection and management in the region.
2021,40(1): 15-22 收稿日期:2020-05-20
分类号:Q959.838;Q958.1
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(31772484);四川省科学技术厅项目(2018SZDZX0037);中华人民共和国科学技术部国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0503206);成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会项目(CPF2017-20)
作者简介:陈超,女,硕士研究生,主要从事动物生态学研究,E-mail:ch7119@126.com
*通信作者:齐敦武,E-mail:qidunwu@163.com
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