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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.5

Research on the Villagers' Tolerance to Wild Boars in the Qinling Mountainous Region of Xi'an, Shaanxi
Author of the article:WANG Li1, BU Shuhai2, SONG Huadong2, LI Guochun3, ZHENG Xueli1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Forestry, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China;
2. College of Life Science, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China;
3. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China
Key Words:Sus scrofa; tolerance; attitude; measures
Abstract:In order to provide scientific basis for alleviating the contradiction between villagers and wild boars, and to provide reference materials for species management, from November 2016 to November 2017, a questionnaire survey was conducted to study in Qinling (the remote and suburban mountainous areas) of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. The recognition and tolerance of the villagers to wild boars (Sus scrofa), and the main factors that influence local villagers' attitudes toward wild boars were analyzed. The results showed that 84.61% of the interviewees had the wishes to decrease or eliminate the local population of wild boars, and 53.85% disagreed or completely disagreed with the current protection measures. After the farmland was destroyed by wild boars, 83.08% of the interviewees completely agreed or agreed to hunt wild boars, and 47.69% completely agreed or agreed with the practice of hunting wild boars when they met wild boars in the mountains. The main factors affecting villagers' tolerance to wild boars were the ratio of farmland income, the destroyed farmland area, the annual household income and the ratio of destroyed farmland area. Compared with the suburban mountainous areas, villagers in the remote mountainous areas had worse tolerance for wild boars. Therefore, it is suggested to implement corresponding measures to alleviate the human-wild boar conflict in the remote mountainous areas. For instance, the measure of improving and implementing the relevant regulations on compensation for damages caused by wildlife, reasonably carrying out hunting activities and developing and utilizing wild boar resources, increasing the villagers' employment skills training and income model transformation, and adjusting the crop structure can be adopted.
2020,39(5): 563-571 收稿日期:2019-11-21
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