Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.5

Research on the Villagers' Tolerance to Wild Boars in the Qinling Mountainous Region of Xi'an, Shaanxi
Author of the article:WANG Li1, BU Shuhai2, SONG Huadong2, LI Guochun3, ZHENG Xueli1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Forestry, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China;
2. College of Life Science, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China;
3. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, China
Key Words:Sus scrofa; tolerance; attitude; measures
Abstract:In order to provide scientific basis for alleviating the contradiction between villagers and wild boars, and to provide reference materials for species management, from November 2016 to November 2017, a questionnaire survey was conducted to study in Qinling (the remote and suburban mountainous areas) of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. The recognition and tolerance of the villagers to wild boars (Sus scrofa), and the main factors that influence local villagers' attitudes toward wild boars were analyzed. The results showed that 84.61% of the interviewees had the wishes to decrease or eliminate the local population of wild boars, and 53.85% disagreed or completely disagreed with the current protection measures. After the farmland was destroyed by wild boars, 83.08% of the interviewees completely agreed or agreed to hunt wild boars, and 47.69% completely agreed or agreed with the practice of hunting wild boars when they met wild boars in the mountains. The main factors affecting villagers' tolerance to wild boars were the ratio of farmland income, the destroyed farmland area, the annual household income and the ratio of destroyed farmland area. Compared with the suburban mountainous areas, villagers in the remote mountainous areas had worse tolerance for wild boars. Therefore, it is suggested to implement corresponding measures to alleviate the human-wild boar conflict in the remote mountainous areas. For instance, the measure of improving and implementing the relevant regulations on compensation for damages caused by wildlife, reasonably carrying out hunting activities and developing and utilizing wild boar resources, increasing the villagers' employment skills training and income model transformation, and adjusting the crop structure can be adopted.
2020,39(5): 563-571 收稿日期:2019-11-21
分类号:Q959.842;S442
基金项目:西安市第一次野生动物资源调查项目(XCZX2015-0297-3)
作者简介:王莉(1993-),硕士研究生,研究方向:野生动物保护与管理,E-mail:1097235630@qq.com
*通信作者:郑雪莉,E-mail:zhengxueli@nwsuaf.edu.cn
参考文献:
曹识, 周学红, 张伟. 2014. 现代狩猎在野生动物管理中的作用[J]. 应用生态学报, 25(1):297-304.
滚双宝. 2004. 野猪种群特性及其生态作用的研究进展[J]. 特产研究, 26(1):52-56.
韩徐芳, 张吉, 蔡平,等. 2018. 青海省人与藏棕熊冲突现状、特点与解决对策[J]. 兽类学报, 38(1):28-35.
侯一蕾, 温亚利. 2012. 野生动物肇事对社区农户的影响及补偿问题分析——以秦岭自然保护区群为例[J]. 林业经济问题, 32(5):388-391.
姜东涛. 1993. 谈野生动物的年增殖量与年猎捕量[J]. 野生动物学报, (2):28-29.
蒋志刚. 2001. 野生动物的价值与生态服务功能[J]. 生态学报, 21(11):1909-1917.
李佳, 李言阔, 缪泸君, 等. 2015. 桃红岭国家级自然保护区梅花鹿和野猪秋季生境选择差异[J]. 四川动物, 34(2):300-305.
刘静, 苗鸿, 郑华, 等. 2009. 卧龙自然保护区与当地社区关系模式探讨[J]. 生态学报, 29(1):259-271.
马福, 张建龙. 2009. 中国重点陆生野生动物资源调查[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
马建章, 程鲲. 2008. 自然保护区生态旅游对野生动物的影响[J]. 生态学报, 28(6):2818-2827.
孟根同, 张明海, 周绍春. 2013. 黑龙江凤凰山国家级自然保护区野猪冬季容纳量及最适种群密度[J]. 生态学报, 33(3):957-963.
陕西省人民政府. 2004. 陕西省重点保护陆生野生动物造成人身财产损害补偿办法[J]. 陕西省人民政府公报, (24):21-22.
王香鸽, 孙虎. 2003. 陕西秦岭北坡浅山地带生态环境保护研究[J]. 陕西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 31(3):120-124.
徐飞, 蔡体久, 琚存勇, 等. 2013. 保护区及周边居民对野猪容忍性的影响因素——以黑龙江凤凰山国家级自然保护区为例[J]. 生态学报, 33(18):5935-5942.
徐建英, 桓玉婷, 孔明. 2016. 卧龙自然保护区野生动物肇事农地特征及影响机制[J]. 生态学报, 36(12):3748-3757.
余海慧, 吴建平, 樊育英. 2009. 辽宁东部地区野猪危害调查[J]. 野生动物学报, 30(3):124-128.
周学红, 马建章, 张伟, 等. 2008. 珲春自然保护区居民对野猪的容受性及其影响因素分析[J]. 资源科学, 30(6):876-882.
Chauhan NPS, Barwal KS, Kumar D, et al. 2009. Human-wild pig conflict in selected states in India and mitigation strategies[J]. Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica, 5(5):189-197.
Frackowiak W, Gorczyca S, Merta D, et al. 2013. Factors affecting the level of damage by wild boar in farmlands in north-eastern Poland[J]. Pest Management Science, 69(3):362-366.
Honda T, Sugita M. 2007. Environmental factors affecting damage by wild boars (Sus scrofa) to rice fields in Yamanashi prefecture, central Japan[J]. Mammal Study, 32(4):173-176.
Kahler JS, Gore ML. 2015. Local perceptions of risk associated with poaching of wildlife implicated in human-wildlife conflicts in Namibia[J]. Biological Conservation, 189(9):49-58.
Li L, Wang J, Shi J,et al. 2010. Factors influencing local people's attitudes towards wild boar in Taohongling National Nature Reserve of Jiangxi Province, China[J]. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2:1846-1856.
Macmillan DC, Leitch K. 2008. Conservation with a gun:understanding landowner attitudes to deer hunting in the Scottish Highlands[J]. Human Ecology, 36(4):473-484.
Merkens M, Bradbeer DR, Bishop CA. 2012. Landscape and field characteristics affecting winter waterfowl grazing damage to agricultural perennial forage crops on the lower Fraser River delta, BC, Canada[J]. Crop Protection, 37:51-58.
Naughton-Treves L, Grossberg R, Treves A. 2003. Paying for tolerance:rural citizens' attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation[J]. Conservation Biology, 17(6):1500-1511.
Naughtontreves L. 1998. Predicting patterns of crop damage by wildlife around Kibale National Park, Uganda[J]. Conservation Biology, 12(1):156-168.
Schley L, Dufrêne M, Krier A, et al. 2008. Patterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa)in Luxembourg over a 10-year period[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54:589-599.
Shibia MG. 2010. Determinants of attitudes and perceptions on resource use and management of Marsabit National Reserve, Kenya[J]. Journal of Human Ecology, 30(1):55-62.
CopyRight©2020 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology