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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.5

Study on Potential Prey Resources and Potential Habitat Landscape Pattern of Neofelis nebulosa in Yibin, Sichuan
Author of the article:FU Yanwen1,2, LI Man1,2, LI Dongrui1,2, LIAO Ting1,2, RAN Jianghong1,2*, YANG Xuyu3, DU Yiping3
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
2. Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology on Endangered Wildlife, Chengdu 610065, China;
3. Wildlife Resources Investigation and Conservation Station of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610081, China
Key Words:Neofelis nebulosa; prey; potential habitat; landscape pattern
Abstract:Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), a secretive and arboreal wild animal, is one of the class Ⅰ nationally key protected species in China and listed as vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN red list of threatened species. However, there were few studies regarding this species in China. N. nebulosa was once distributed in Yibin City, Sichuan Province, but they have not been recorded since 2007. From 2018 to 2019, 3 counties where N. nebulosa possibly distributed in Yibin City were investigated by using the methods of line sampling and infrared camera trap. The results showed that: (1) no traces or entities of N. nebulosa was found in the field survey; (2) A total of 13 potential prey species of N. nebulosa were identified, including 7 species of mammals and 6 species of birds; (3) The analysis of landscape pattern revealed that broad-leaved forests were suitable for N. nebulosa covered only 172.37 km2 accounting for 16.77% of the total study area, and the potentially suitable habitat for N. nebulosa covered an area of 515.95 km2 accounting for 50.21%. Nevertheless, the potential habitat was fragmented by roads, with a maximum patch size of 230.39 km2 and a minimum patch size of 48.85 km2. This study demonstrated that the existing potential habitat for N. nebulosa was severely fragmented with small broad-leaved forest, and thus the scarce potential prey resources greatly limited the stable development of N. nebulosa population. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out long-term monitoring of N. nebulosa using infrared cameras and to promote the restoration and protection of habitats at the same time, so as to protect the biodiversity and the rare and endangered species.
2020,39(5): 481-490 收稿日期:2020-01-18
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