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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.4

Studies on Artificial Incubation of Lophophorus lhuysii in Captivity in Baoxing, Sichuan
Author of the article:ZHANG Jing1#, MA Hong2#, AN Junhui3, LI Feiping3, LI Shuhong1, DENG Jiangyu2, ZHANG Chenglin1, HOU Rong3, John Corder4
Author's Workplace:1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Captive Wildlife Technologies, Beijing Zoo, Beijing 100044, China;
2. Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau, Baoxing, Sichuan Province 625700, China;
3. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Chengdu 610081, China;
4. World Pheasant Association, Northumberland NE47 8DL, UK
Key Words:Lophophorus lhuysii; egg; artificial incubation; hatchability
Abstract:Experimental research on artificial incubation of the Chinese monal (Lophophorus lhuysii) was carried out at the Research Center of Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve (Sichuan Province) in 2018 and 2019. Eggs were incubated under different humidity. The eggs of the gradient humidity group were incubated under 3 different humidity, controlling the mass loss of the eggs around 15%; while the eggs of equilibrium humidity group were incubated under the relative humidity of 50%-55%. Eggs were weighed every day, and embryo development was observed by candling the eggs, all the data were recorded. The results showed that 12 chicks hatched with a hatching success of 70.6%. The survival rate of chicks is 100% during 3 months after hatched; the incubation period varied between 28.1 d and 30.2 d, with an average of (29.5±0.6) d; eggs mass loss was between 10.7% and 17.6%, with an average of (14.0±2.0)%. The time of pipping varied between 26.1 d and 28.3 d, with an average of (27.4±0.6) d; the time of hatching was between 36.5 h and 58.5 h, with an average of (48.7±6.8) h. The daily average egg mass was negatively correlated with the incubation days; there was a significant difference on the mass loss rate of eggs and the initial mass of chicks between the gradient humidity group and equilibrium humidity group, but there was no significant difference on piping time and incubation time. The lower the mass loss rate of the eggs, the greater was the initial mass of the hatching; embryonic development characteristics was the same as that of Gallus gallus domesticus. Keeping egg mass loss between 10% and 15% during the incubation process can be used as a reference of humidity setting for L. lhuysii.
2020,39(4): 431-436 收稿日期:2020-01-13
分类号:Q959.7+25;Q132.4+3
基金项目:四川蜂桶寨国家级自然保护区管理局与北京动物园合作开放课题;与世界雉类协会、成都大熊猫繁育研究基地技术合作项目
作者简介:张敬(1970-),女,高级畜牧师,主要从事圈养鸟类繁育工作,E-mail:zhangjing0468@126.com;马红(1983-),男,饲养员,E-mail:1109402509@qq.com
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