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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.6

Study on the Vocal Communication Behavior of Infant Giant Panda
Author of the article:LIU Xuan1,2, XUE Fei2, GUO Junliang2,3, WU Wei2, HOU Rong2, ZHOU Jiang1*, QI Dunwu2*, ZHANG Zhihe2
Author's Workplace:1. School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
2. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife, Chengdu 610081, China;
3. Institute of Rare Animals and Plants, College of Life Science, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China
Key Words:Ailuropoda melanoleuca; mother; infant; nursing period; acoustic communication
Abstract:The recognition and transmission of vocal signals are important for the long-term survival of many animals, especially the infant with immature visual and physical abilities. The eyes of infant giant pandas are normally closed, and they do not have the ability to move independently but mainly communicate with their mother through voice. The aim is exploring infant giant pandas' (45 days old) basic characteristics of the vocal signal and the interactions of infant giant pandas with their mothers. The voice of infant giant pandas were collected by Shure VP89M directional microphone and Tascam DR-100MKII recorder, and then the data was analyzed by Adobe audition 3.0. Additionally, focal animal sampling method was used to monitor the lactating behavior of mothers. The results showed that:1) infant giant panda vocals could be divided into 3 distinct call types:squawk, squall, and croak. The vocal with the highest fundamental frequency (1 160.96 Hz±224.99 Hz) and dominant frequency (2 239.94 Hz±742.73 Hz) was "squall", followed by "squawk" (820.53 Hz±160.45 Hz and 931.98 Hz±435.12 Hz) and "croak" (728.74 Hz±120.34 Hz and 735.92 Hz±138.48 Hz). 2) The mothers' response rate and behavior types differed according to the different calls of infants. The mother giant pandas responded to the infants' vocal with a rate of 62%. The responding rate of mother giant pandas to the squall of infants was the highest (67.4%) followed by croak (59.0%), and licking was the reaction. The responding rate to squawk was the lowest (57.8%), with the reaction of nibbling cub. This study can help to understand the actions between mother giant pandas and cubs, and may provide scientific information for the artificial breeding of giant pandas.
2019,38(6): 601-606 收稿日期:2018-12-03
分类号:Q95-3;Q959.8
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(31772484);四川省科学技术厅项目(2017JQ0026);成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会项目(CPF2015-19,CPF2014-11,CPF2017-20)
作者简介:刘璇(1993-),硕士研究生,主要从事动物行为学方面的研究,E-mail:18380357768m0@sina.cn
*通信作者:周江,E-mail:zhoujiang@ioz.ac.cn;齐敦武,E-mail:qidunwu@163.com
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