Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.4

Effect of Exercise Training and Detraining on Swimming Performance of Juvenile Percocypris pingi
Author of the article:LU Yan1, LI Maohua1, GAN Weixiong2, ZENG Rukui2, SONG Zhaobin1,3*
Author's Workplace:1. Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology on Endangered Wildlife, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
2. Yalong River Hydropower Development Company, Ltd., Chengdu 610015, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
Key Words:Percocypris pingi; exercise training; detraining; critical swimming speed; endurance time
Abstract:To investigate the effect of exercise training and detraining on swimming performance of juvenile Percocypris pingi, 480 fish (body mass=2.18 g±0.12 g, body length=5.33 cm±0.09 cm) were randomly divided into 4 groups (120 fish per group): control group (C), anaerobic training group (An), 4 body length (BL)·s-1 group (H) and 2 BL·s-1 group (L). H and L groups were trained 8 hours per day. All the groups were subjected to exercise training for 30 days and then detrained at 15 ℃±2 ℃. Critical swimming speed (Ucrit) and endurance time at 1.5Ucrit were measured at the beginning (T0), after 30 days of exercise training (T30), after 20 (DT20) and 50 (DT50) days of detraining. The results showed that the sustained exercise training induced a significant increase in aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance of juvenile P. pingi (P<0.05), while exhaustive chasing training only improved the anaerobic swimming performance. After 20 days of detraining, Ucrit of group L was greatly higher than that of groups An and C, while no statistically significant difference was detected between groups An, H and C. On the contrary, the endurance time (at 1.5Ucrit) of groups An and H was significantly greater than that of group C, while that of groups L and C was not significantly different with each other. After 50 days of detraining, there was no significant difference in Ucrit and endurance time (at 1.5Ucrit) between the training and control groups. Therefore, exercise training significantly improved the aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance of juvenile P. pingi, whereas the improvement and maintenance of exercise training varied in different training modes.
2019,38(4): 361-367 收稿日期:2019-02-12
分类号:Q959.4;Q175
基金项目:雅砻江流域水电开发有限公司项目(YLDC-ZBA-2018116)
作者简介:鲁艳(1994-),女,硕士研究生,研究方向:鱼类行为学,E-mail:13281100569@163.com
*通信作者:宋昭彬,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:zbsong@scu.edu.cn
参考文献:
丁瑞华. 1994. 四川鱼类志[M]. 成都:四川科学技术出版社:319-321.
付世建, 曹振东, 曾令清, 等. 2014. 鱼类游泳运动——策略与适应性进化[M]. 北京:科学出版社:204-212.
蒋志刚, 江建平, 王跃招, 等. 2016. 中国脊椎动物红色名录[J]. 生物多样性, 24(5):500-551.
孔彬, 林岗, 李秀珍, 等. 2008. 赤眼鳟江河人工放流前适应性驯养试验[J]. 广西农业科学, 39(1):541-543.
刘海生, 曹振东, 付世建. 2015. 水流刺激对宽鳍幼鱼的游泳和代谢的影响[J]. 重庆师范大学学报(自然科学版), 32(1):35-40.
刘明镜, 王志坚. 2013. 斑马鱼对无氧运动训练的适应性变化[J]. 动物学研究, 34(3):190-195.
石小涛, 陈求稳, 庄平, 等. 2012. 提高摄食-反捕食能力导向的鱼类野化训练方法述评[J]. 生态学杂志, 31(12):3235-3240.
宋波澜, 林小涛, 许忠能. 2012. 逆流运动训练对多鳞四须鲃摄食、生长和体营养成分的影响[J]. 水产学报, 36(1):106-114.
鲜雪梅, 曹振东, 付世建. 2010. 4种幼鱼临界游泳速度和运动耐受时间的比较[J]. 重庆师范大学学报(自然科学版), 27(4):16-20.
Brett JR. 1964. The respiratory metabolism and swimming performance of young sockeye salmon[J]. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 21(5):1183-1226.
Castro V, Grisdale-Helland B, Helland SJ, et al. 2011. Aerobic training stimulates growth and promotes disease resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 160(2):278-290.
Davie PS, Wells RM,Tetens V. 2010. Effects of sustained swimming on rainbow trout muscle structure, blood oxygen transport, and lactate dehydrogenase isozymes:evidence for increased aerobic capacity of white muscle[J]. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 237(2):159-171.
Davison W. 1997. The effects of exercise training on teleost fish, a review of recent literature[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 117(1):67-75.
Fu SJ, Cao ZD, Yan GJ, et al. 2013. Integrating environmental variation, predation pressure, phenotypic plasticity and locomotor performance[J]. Oecologia, 173(2):343-354.
Gallaugher PE, Thorarensen H, Kiessling A, et al. 2001. Effects of high intensity exercise training on cardiovascular function, oxygen uptake, internal oxygen transport and osmotic balance in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during critical speed swimming[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 204:2861-2872.
Gamperl AK, Schnurr DL, Stevens ED. 1991. Effect of a sprint-training protocol on acceleration performance in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri)[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69(3):578-582.
Goolish EM. 2010. Aerobic and anaerobic scaling in fish[J]. Biological Reviews, 66(1):33-56.
Gruber SJ, Dickson KA. 1997. Effects of endurance training in the leopard shark, Triakis semifasciata[J]. Physiological Zoology, 70(4):481-492.
He W, Xia W, Cao ZD, et al. 2013. The effect of prolonged exercise training on swimming performance and the underlying biochemical mechanisms in juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio)[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A, 166(2):308-315.
Langerhans RB. 2009. Trade-off between steady and unsteady swimming underlies predator-driven divergence in Gambusia affinis[J]. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22:1057-1075.
Lee GC, Farrell AP, Lotto A, et al. 2003. The effect of temperature on swimming performance and oxygen consumption in adult sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon stocks[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 206(18):3239-3251.
Li XM, Cao ZD, Fu SJ. 2010. The effect of exercise training on the metabolic interaction between feeding and locomotion in the juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen)[J]. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A:Ecological Genetics & Physiology, 313:557-563.
Li XM, Pang X, Zheng H, et al. 2017. Effects of prolonged exercise training and exhaustive chasing training on the swimming performance of an endangered bream (Megalobrama pellegrini)[J]. Aquatic Biology, 26:125-135.
Li XM, Zhang YG, Li XJ, et al. 2018. Sustained exercise-trained juvenile black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) at a moderate water velocity exhibit improved aerobic swimming performance and increased postprandial metabolic responses[J]. Biology Open, 7(2):1-8.
Li XY, Deng YP, Yang K, et al. 2016. Genetic diversity and structure analysis of Percocypris pingi (Cypriniformes:cyprinidae):implications for conservation and hatchery release in the Yalong River[J]. PLoS ONE, 11(12):e0166769. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0166769.
Liu Y, Cao ZD, Fu SJ, et al. 2009. The effect of exhaustive chasing training and detraining on swimming performance in juvenile darkbarbel catfish (Peltebagrus vachelli)[J]. Journal of Comparative Physiology B:Biochemical Systemic & Environmental Physiology, 179(7):847-855.
McNeil WJ. 1991. Expansion of cultured pacific salmon into marine ecosystems[J]. Aquaculture, 98(1-3):173-183.
Nash RDM, Valencia AH, Geffen AJ. 2006. The origin of fulton's condition factor-setting the record straight[J]. Fisheries, 31:236-238.
Plaut I. 2001. Critical swimming speed:its ecological relevance[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 131(1):41-50.
Reidy SP, Kerr SR, Nelson JA. 2000. Aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance of individual Atlantic cod[J]. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 203(2):347-357.
Young PS, Cech JJ. 1994. Optimum exercise conditioning velocity for growth, muscular development, and swimming performance in young-of-the-year striped bass (Morone saxatilis)[J]. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 51(7):1519-1527.
Zeng LQ, Cao ZD, Fu SJ, et al. 2009. Effect of temperature on swimming performance in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis)[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 153(2):125-130.
Zhang Y, Claireaux G, Takle H, et al. 2018. A three-phase excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in Atlantic salmonr Salmo salar and its response to exercise training[J]. Journal of Fish Biology, 92:1385-1403.
Zhang Y, Timmerhaus G, Anttila K, et al. 2016. Domestication compromises athleticism and respiratory plasticity in response to aerobic exercise training in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)[J]. Aquaculture, 463:79-88.
Zhao HH. 2011. Percocypris pingi[EB/OL].[2018-12-20]. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T1662-09A6190712.en.
Zhao WW, Pang X, Peng JL, et al. 2012. The effects of hypoxia acclimation, exercise training and fasting on swimming performance in juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis)[J]. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 38(5):1367-1377.
CopyRight©2019 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology