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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.3

Prediction on the Suitable Habitat of Four Pheasants Species Using Ecological Niche Modeling in the Gaoligong Mountains
Author of the article:LI Wenjuan1, ZHAO Xiaofei2, RAO Caihong3, HUANG Zhipang1, REN Guopeng1, CHEN Yao4, HE Xiaodong5, WANG Xinwen6, BAI Hongbing7, ZHANG Shuxia1*, XIAO Wen1*
Author's Workplace:1. Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, Dali, Yunnan Province 671003, China;
2. Forestry Bureau of Pu'er City, Pu'er, Yunnan Province 665000, China;
3. Fugong Administrative Sub-Bureau of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Nujiang, Yunnan Province 673400, China;
4. Yunling Provincial Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau, Nujiang, Yunnan Province 671400, China;
5. Nujiang Administrative Bureau of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Nujiang, Yunnan Province 673200, China;
6. Lushui Administrative Sub-Bureau of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Nujiang, Yunnan Province 673200, China;
7. Gongshan Administrative Sub-Bureau of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Nujiang, Yunnan Province 673500, China
Key Words:Gaoligong Mountains; pheasants; species distribution model; protection advice; Liebigs law of minimum
Abstract:The information of species distribution is important to protect and manage the habitat of wild animals. To predict the potential distribution area of 4 protected Phasianidae species (Lophophorus sclateri, Ithaginis cruentus, Lophura nycthemera and Chrysolophus amherstiae) in the Gaoligong Mountains, combined with species occurrence points and environmental variables, we established new niche models based on habitat preference, Liebigs law of minimum and Shelford's tolerance law by using the interview-based survey data and climatic data. The results showed that the potential habitats of the 4 protected species covered the north, middle and south sections of Gaoligong Mountains. The total habitats area of Lophophorus sclateri, I. cruentus, Lophura nycthemera and C. amherstiae were 6 432 km2, 8 464 km2, 9 573 km2 and 13 691 km2, respectively. The high-quality habitat areas were 2 357 km2, 4 097 km2, 772 km2 and 1 021 km2, respectively, while the marginal habitat areas were 4 075 km2, 4 367 km2, 8 801 km2 and 12 671 km2, respectively. The model established in this study was confirmed to have a good effect on habitat prediction. Lophura nycthemera and C. amherstiae had larger total habitat area while Lophophorus sclateri and I. cruentus had larger high-quality habitat area. The northern section of Gaoligong Mountains is a common potential area where 4 pheasant species coexist. In accordance to the overall planning of Gaoligong Mountains pheasant conservation, it is considered that the northern section of Gaoligong Mountains can serve as a priority area for the protection of pheasants, especially for Lophophorus sclateri, and thus the investigation and protection of pheasants in this area should be strengthened in the future.
2019,38(3): 328-337 收稿日期:2018-11-09
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