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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.3

Daily and Seasonal Variation of Activity Patterns of Captive Giant Panda Cubs During the Pre-Release Training Project
Author of the article:WEI Hua, WU Daifu, HE Shengshan, ZHANG Yu, ZHOU Shiqiang, YAN Xiao, LIU Xiaoqiang, FENG Gaozhi, ZHANG Dalei, HUANG Yan*, ZHANG Hemin*
Author's Workplace:Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Conservation Biology of Rare Animals in the Giant Panda National Park, China Conservation and Research Center for Giant Panda, Dujiangyan, Sichuan Province 611830, China
Key Words:captive giant panda; cub; pre-release training; activity patterns; seasonal variation
Abstract:Activity patterns of captive giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) cubs during the pre-release training project in Wolong National Nature Reserve (Sichuan province, China) were studied during April 2013 to October 2015 via digital voice recorders and GPS. Audio and behavioral data were collected from 2 giant panda cubs, Xuexue and Huayan. Our results indicated that the feeding activity of Xuexue had 3 peaks at 08:00, 18:00 and 22:00. Two resting peaks were also observed, with one around noon (11:00-14:00) and another in the morning (03:00-06:00). Except playing (F=1.944, df=359, P<0.01), there was no significant difference in Xuexue's daily activity patterns on resting, feeding and locomotion. On average, Xuexue spent 56.03%±10.58% of the time on resting, 19.43%±18.49% on feeding, 19.30%±7.81% on locomotion, and 5.24%±4.61% on playing daily. By contrast, the feeding activity pattern of cub Huayan also showed 3 peaks similar to those of Xuexue, with the first peak occurring in the morning (10:00), the second in the afternoon (15:00), and the third at night (20:00). And 3 resting peaks were observed, including one from 01:00 to 06:00, one around noon (11:00-13:00) and one from 16:00 to 19:00. However, all the 4 behaviors (resting, feeding, moving and playing) of Huayan had no significant difference. Huayan spent an average of 55.37%±10.38% daily time on resting, 28.09%±17.79% on feeding, 14.61%±8.52% on locomotion and 1.93%±1.79% on playing. Moreover, there were also significant variations in the seasonal activity patterns of the 2 giant panda cubs. These results provide baseline information and scientific basis for the pre-release training project of giant pandas, and can be used to further improve the reintroduction programs.
2019,38(3): 293-299 收稿日期:2018-12-03
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:国家林业局林业公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201104050);大熊猫国际合作项目(SD1116,KB1401)
作者简介:韦华,男,硕士,主要从事野生动物保护,E-mail:wei3hua@126.com
*通信作者:黄炎,E-mail:pandayard@hotmail.com;张和民,E-mail:wolong_zhm@126.com
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