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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.1

Monitoring of Wildlife Crossing Structures Along Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway (Linbai Section)
Author of the article:LI Lingbei1,2, WANG Yun2*, GUAN Lei2, ZHU Guanghe3, LI Na3, KONG Yaping2, ZHU Hongqiang1*
Author's Workplace:1. Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China;
2. China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
3. Bureau of Monitoring Quality of Transportation Engineering in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hohhot 010020, China
Key Words:reserve; bridge; culvert; infrared camera technology; road ecology
Abstract:The Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway (Linbai Section) traverses and adjacent to 3 reserves, and many wildlife crossing structures have been set up to mitigate the barrier effect, however, their utilization effects still remain unclear. From November 2016 to October 2017, 18 wildlife crossing structures were monitored using infrared camera technology. The results showed that: 1) At least 5 species of mammals and 14 species of birds were active using wildlife crossing structures, including the class Ⅱ nationally protected species wildcat (Felis silvestris) and Pallas' cat (Otocolobus manul); 2) Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) had a maximum relative abundance index (RAI) of 119.94, followed by Tolai hare (Lepus tolai) (RAI=53.31), wildcat and Pallas' cat (RAI=26.73), and hog badger (Arctonyx collaris) (RAI=5.25); among birds, black-billed magpie (Pica pica) had a RAI of 140.30, followed by chukar (Alectoris chukar) (RAI=95.57), and 12 other bird species (RAI=148.04); red fox crossed 8 of 10 bridges and 6 of 8 culverts, indicating the adaptation of red fox to the bridges and culverts; the utilization rates of bridges for red fox, Tolai hare, wildcat and Pallas' cat were higher than those of culverts. Therefore, bridges might be superior to culverts according to the overall utilization rate of mammals and birds; 3) Structure size was found to be the main factor influencing the crossing structures of birds and mammals. Water and vegetation also played an important role in guiding the movement of wildlife. This study suggested that future road design schemes including large and open crossing structures with permanent or temporal water and rich vegetation types might benefit the utilization of crossing structures by wildlife along the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway.
2019,38(1): 92-98 收稿日期:2018-08-10
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