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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.4

Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on the Development of Immature Stages of Danaus genutia
Author of the article:CHEN Zhen1, ZHOU Chengli2*, CHEN Xiaoming2, SHI Lei2
Author's Workplace:1. School of Chemical Biology and Environment, Yuxi Normal Universtiy, Yuxi, Yunnan Province 653100, China;
2. Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China
Key Words:Danaus genutia; developmental duration; developmental threshold temperatures; effective accumulated temperatures; artificial breeding
Abstract:To investigate the effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development of immature stages of the common tiger butterfly (Danaus genutia), which was collected from Yuanjiang county, Yunnan province. The life-cycle stages and developmental durations of each stage of D.genutia were observed by individually rearing eggs, larvae and pupae under different temperatures and photoperiods in climatic chambers. Developmental threshold temperatures (C) and effective accumulated temperatures (K) of eggs, larvae and pupae were measured. In long-day treatment (LD=15:9) and at different temperatures (17.5℃, 20.0℃, 22.5℃, 25.0℃, 27.5℃, 30.0℃), the durations of egg stage were 9.29 days, 4.90 days, 4.91 days, 3.97 days, 3.54 days, and 3.20 days, respectively; The durations of larva stage were 38.04 days, 17.89 days, 17.13 days, 10.82 days, 9.92 days, and 10.20 days, respectively; The durations of pupa stage were 22.71 days, 13.72 days, 12.00 days, 7.73 days, 7.46 days, and 6.80 days, respectively. In short-day treatment (LD=9:15) and at different temperatures (17.5℃, 20.0℃, 25.0℃, 30.0℃), the durations of egg stage were 9.04 days, 8.20 days, 4.11 days, and 3.04 days, respectively; The durations of larva stage were 30.08 days, 18.54 days, 13.29 days, and 9.54 days, respectively; The durations of pupa stage were 21.19 days, 13.40 days, 9.64 days, and 6.38 days, respectively. The results showed that in terms of T=C+KV, C and K of eggs, larvae and pupae were determined as follows:Tegg=11.10+55.15V, Tlarva=14.06+131.62V, and Tpupa=13.46+98.95V. These results suggested that temperature has more significant influence on the growth and development of immature stages of D. genutia compared with photoperiods, and thus temperature is a key factor in determining the developmental velocity of immature stages of D. genutia. In contrast, no significant differences were observed in the developmental duration of immature stages of the butterfly between the long-day treatment (LD=15:9) and the short-day treatment (LD=9:15). We suggest that the appropriate rearing temperatures of immature stages of D. genutia should be controlled in the range of 20.0-27.5℃. Furthermore, natural light can satisfy the needs of the development of immature stages of the butterfly.
2018,37(4): 420-425 收稿日期:2017-11-28
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