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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.3

Daily Activity Pattern of Lophophorus lhuysii during Spring and Summer in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan
Author of the article:CHEN Juncheng1, HE Fei2, PENG Bo2, YU Xiang1,3, WU Yongjie1*, RAN Jianghong1*
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
2. Administration of Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Beichuan, Sichuan Province 622750, China;
3. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Chengdu 610081, China
Key Words:Lophophorus lhuysii; daily activity; time budget; behavior rhythm
Abstract:During spring (April to May) and summer (June to August) in 2017, the daily activities of Lophophorus lhuysii in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan were studied by using instantaneous and scan sampling method with the addition of camera trapping techniques. The results indicated that:1) L. lhuysii spent more time on moving (38.04%) and feeding behavior (33.96%), but spent less time on watching (17.01%), resting (7.05%), social (2.14%), maintaining (1.54%) and breeding behaviors (0.27%). 2) Two peaks of feeding behavior occurred at dawn and dusk separately with a low ebb occurred in the afternoon. There was a significant peak for both resting and maintaining behaviors in the afternoon, while the social behavior peaked in the early morning and before roosting. 3) There were seasonal and sex differences in the rhythm of resting, social and maintaining behaviors. In addition, the rhythm of breeding behavior had sex difference. 4) Comparing with the captive populations, wild L. lhuysii populations spent more daily time on feeding but less time on resting. The rhythm of moving, social, breeding and watching behaviors also differed between the captive and wild populations. Understanding the daily activity pattern of wild L. lhuysii can provide important research basis for the protection of this species. The management approach of captive populations should be considered and more behavior ecology studies of L. lhuysii are needed for the conservation in the future.
2018,37(3): 241-250 收稿日期:2018-01-25
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