Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Fax:+86-28-85410485 &
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.2

Continental Island Effect in Sichuan Basin, Based on Morphological Variation of Passer montanus
Author of the article:ZHAO Wenhai1,2, LIU Fangqing2*, WEN Longying2*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Animal Science, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830001, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Sichuan Institute for Protecting Endangered Birds in the Southwest Mountains, College of Life Sciences, Leshan Normal University, Leshan, Sichuan Province 614000, China
Key Words:Passer montanus; Sichuan Basin; altitude difference; morphological variation; continental island effect; Bergman's rule
Abstract:We collected 7 morphological characteristics of 558 tree sparrow (Passer montanus) samples in Sichuan Basin and surrounding areas. By using partial correlation analysis, the results showed that: the body mass, tail length, tarsus length had an extremely significant positive correlation with altitude by controlling latitude (P<0.01), and body length had a significant positive correlation with altitude (P<0.05); the body mass, wing length had an extremely significant positive correlation with latitude by controlling altitude factor (P<0.01). The samples were divided into 3 groups based on different altitudes: Sichuan Basin (mean: 484.25 m, range: 219-725 m), Central China Plain (mean: 250.70 m, range: 46-784 m) and surrounding mountarns outside Sichuan Basin (mean: 2 260.42 m, range: 807-4 472 m). One-Way ANOVA was performed in the 3 populations of tree sparrow. The results indicated that the body mass, wing length, tail length and tarsus length were extreme significantly different (P<0.01), while the body mass of surrourding mountains outside Sichuan Basin was significantly or extreme significantly greater than those of Sichuan Basin and Central China Plain (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The body size was getting bigger with altitude increasing, and this indicated that the morphology variation was closely correlated with altitude, and was consistent with Bergman's rule. However, no significant difference in body mass, body length, tail length, tarsus length, culmen length and rictus was observed between Sichuan Basin and Central China Plain (P>0.05). This result failed to show continental island effect of Sichuan Basin.
2018,37(2): 172-178 收稿日期:2017-10-13
郭正吾, 邓康龄, 韩永辉, 等. 1996. 四川盆地形成与演化[M]. 北京:地质出版社.
赵尔宓, 杨大同. 1997. 横断山区的两栖爬行动物[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
郑光美. 2011. 中国鸟类分类与分布名录(第二版)[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
Andrew NR, Rodgerson L, Dunlop M. 2003. Variation in invertebrate-bryophyte community structure at different spatial scales along altitudinal gradients[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 30(5):731-746.
Bears HC, Drever M, Martin K. 2008. Comparative morphology of dark-eyed juncos Junco hyemalis breeding at two elevations:a common aviary experiment[J]. Journal of Avian Biology, 39(2):152-162.
Bergmann C. 1847. About the relationships between heat conservation and body size of animals[J].Goett Stud, 1:595-708.
Chen XY, He F. 2009. Speciation and endemism under the model of island biogeography[J]. Ecology, 90(1):39-45.
Cracraft J. 1988. From Malaysia to New Guinea:evolutionary biogeography within a complex continent-island arc contact zone[C]. Proceedings of the 19th International Ornithological Congress, 2:2581-2593.
Degnan SM. 1993. Genetic variability and population differentiation inferred from DNA fingerprinting in silvereyes (Aves:Zosteropidae)[J]. Evolution, 47(4):1105-1117.
Emerson BC. 2002. Evolution on oceanic islands:molecular phylogenetic approaches to understanding pattern and process[J]. Molecular Ecology, 11(6):951-966.
Grant PR. 1965. The adaptive significance of some size trends in island birds[J]. Evolution, 19(3):355-367.
Grant PR. 1979. Ecological and morphological variation of Canary Island blue tits, Parus caeruleus (Aves:Paridae)[J]. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 11(2):103-129.
Gutiérrez-Pinto N, McCracken KG, Alza L, et al. 2014. The validity of ecogeographical rules is context-dependent:testing for Bergmann's and Allen's rules by latitude and elevation in a widespread Andean duck[J]. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111(4):850-862.
Körner C. 2007. The use of ‘altitude’ in ecological research[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22(11):569-574.
Lei FM, Qu YH, Song G. 2014. Species diversification and phylogeographical patterns of birds in response to the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Quaternary glaciations[J]. Current Zoology, 60(2):149-161.
Liu H, Wang W, Song G, et al. 2012. Interpreting the process behind endemism in China by integrating the phylogeography and ecological niche models of the Stachyridopsis ruficeps[J]. PLoS ONE, 7(10):e46761. DOI:10. 1371/jounal. pone. 0046761.
Liu S, Deng B, Li Z, et al. 2012. Architecture of basin-mountain systems and their influences on gas distribution:a case study from the Sichuan Basin, south China[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 47:204-215.
Mayr E. 1963. Animal species and evolution[M]. Cambridge:The Belknap Press of Harvard University.
McCormack JE, Smith TB. 2008. Niche expansion leads to small-scale adaptive divergence along an elevation gradient in a medium-sized passerine bird[J]. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B:Biological Sciences, 275(1647):2155-2164.
Mónus F, Liker A, Pénzes Z, et al. 2017. Status signalling in male but not in female Eurasian tree sparrows Passer montanus[J]. Ibis, 159(1):180-192.
Rundel PW. 1994. Tropical alpine climates[M]//Rundel PW, Smith AP, Meinzer FC. Tropical alpine environments:plant form and function. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
Servedio MR. 2000. Reinforcement and the genetics of nonrandom mating[J]. Evolution, 54:21-29.
Spurgin LG, Illera JC, Jorgensen TH, et al. 2014. Genetic and phenotypic divergence in an island bird:isolation by distance, by colonization or by adaptation?[J]. Molecular Ecology, 23(5):1028-1039.
Sun Y, Li M, Song G, et al. 2017. The role of climate factors in geographic variation in body mass and wing length in a passerine bird[J]. Avian Research, 8(1):3-11.
Sun YF, Ren ZP, Wu YF, et al. 2016. Flying high:limits to flight performance by sparrows on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219(22):3642-3648.
Teplitsky C, Millien V. 2014. Climate warming and Bergmann's rule through time:is there any evidence?[J]. Evolutionary Applications, 7(1):156-168.
Vuilleumier F. 1970. Insular biogeography in continental regions. Ⅰ. The northern Andes of South America[J]. The American Naturalist, 104(938):373-388.
Winger BM, Bates JM. 2015. The tempo of trait divergence in geographic isolation:avian speciation across the Marañon Valley of Peru[J]. Evolution, 69(3):772-787.
Wright NA, Steadman DW. 2012. Insular avian adaptations on two Neotropical continental islands[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 39(10):1891-1899.
Wu Y, DuBay SG, Colwell RK, et al. 2017. Mobile hotspots and refugia of avian diversity in the mountains of south-west China under past and contemporary global climate change[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 44(3):615-626.
Yao YH, Zhang BP, Han F, et al. 2010. Diversity and geographical pattern of altitudinal belts in the Hengduan Mountains in China[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 7:123-132.
CopyRight©2019 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology