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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.1

Characteristics of Bird Strike and Prevention System Building in Airport
Author of the article:LI Xiaojuan1*, ZHOU Caiquan2,3, DU Jie1, HUANG Yan2,3, MING Xinbin1, WU Xue1, ZHENG Jiangping1
Author's Workplace:1. Chongqing Airport Group Co., Ltd., Chongqing 401120, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation(Ministry of Education), Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637009, China;
3. Institute of Ecology, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637009, China
Key Words:bird strike characteristics; avian community; prevention system; Jiangbei Airport; Civil Aviation Administration of China
Abstract:Bird strike is one of the major factors which severely threaten flight security. Making a bird strike prevention system based on bird strike events is crucial for improving flight security and reducing economic losses. In the present study, bird strike data were collected from Jiangbei Airport in 2009 to 2016 and the bird species were further identified. A survey on avian community in Jiangbei Airport and nearby areas was conducted from March, 2010 to February, 2011. Additionally, the similarity analysis between bird strike species and avian community species was conducted, and the data of bird strike from Jiangbei Airport and Civil Aviation Administration of China in 2007 to 2015 were contrastively studied. The results showed that:(1) the similarity index between bird strike species and avian community species in airfield grass was significantly higher than farming land (t=2.507, P=0.041) and city garden (t=2.562, P=0.037), the similarity index(S=0.413 8) between the daytime's bird strike species and airfield grass avian community species in summer was the highest. These suggested that the bird species in the airfield have the highest bird strike frequency, and the airfield grass is an important area for bird strike avoidance. Therefore, more attention of bird control in airfield should be paid in summer. (2) The seasonal variation and time rhythm of bird strike were basically consistent between the Jiangbei Airport and Civil Aviation Administration of China, which showed high occurrence of bird strike in spring, summer, autumn, as well as nighttime. (3) Migratory birds and some local common birds (eg. Columba livia domestica, swallows, Passer montanus, Alauda gulgula) were the species with high frequency of bird strike. Based on these results and combining with the experience of bird strike prevention at Jiangbei Airport and other airports, the bird strike prevention system were recommended as following:organizational structure, management system, monitor, information analysis, equipment control, environment management, emergency disposal, and flight dynamic adjustment.
2018,37(1): 22-29 收稿日期:2017-09-04
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170274
分类号:Q958;Q959.7
基金项目:重庆市交委科技项目(KJXM2017-0839);重庆机场科技创新项目
作者简介:李晓娟(1979-),硕士,环境保护高级工程师,主要从事机场鸟击防范和生态治理工作
*通讯作者:李晓娟,E-mail:51655562@qq.com
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