Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.1

Non-invasive Study on Physiological Responses of Equus przewalskii in High Temperature Period of Summer
Author of the article:JI Shengnan1, XIAO Nengwen1, DENG Huaiqing2*, HU Defu3
Author's Workplace:1. Biodiversity Research Center, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;
2. School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
3. School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Key Words:Equus przewalskii; high temperature stimulation; non-invasive sampling method; glucocorticoid; triiodothyronine
Abstract:Physiological responses of captive Przewalski's horses (Equus przewalskii) in high temperature period of summer were investigated at Xinjiang Wild Horse Breeding and Research Center using radioimmunoassay by the non-invasive sampling method. We randomly selected 5 adult male horses, 5 adult female horses and 5 lactating female horses from 5 family groups, to measure the levels of fecal metabolites of glucocorticoid and thyroid triiodothyronine (T3). The results showed that (1) E. przewalskii maintained high level of hormones in summer; (2) glucocorticoid metabolites level in 3 groups were significant different (F2, 60=22.885, P<0.001), and the order was male > female > lactating female; (3) Similarly, T3 level in different groups were also significantly different (F2, 60=37.780, P<0.001), and the order was female > male > lactating female; (4) However, the hormones performed no significant difference in various levels of heat stress (THI>28.9 vs. THI ≤ 28.9). Meanwhile, there was no significant interaction between group and stress level. Overall, the captive E. przewalskii performed different physiological responses to high temperature stimulation in summer. In light of these findings, we propose that these horses should be fed separately to prevent accidental injury caused by high temperature in summer of Xinjiang. Moreover, the non-invasive measurement of fecal glucocorticoid and T3 can be introduced as a monitoring method for captive E. przewalskii during high temperature period of summer, and provide a scientific basis for artificial management.
2018,37(1): 8-14 收稿日期:2017-07-01
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170211
分类号:Q959.8
作者简介:吉晟男(1983-),男,助理研究员,研究方向:动物生态与保护生物学,E-mail:jishengnan1983@163.com
*通讯作者:邓怀庆,E-mail:denghuaiqing123@163.com
参考文献:
曹婷婷. 2008. 圈养和放归普氏野马应激水平的非损伤性研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
曹婷婷, 胡德夫, 于小杰, 等. 2009. 冬季圈养和放归普氏野马成年雄性应激状态研究[J]. 干旱区研究, 26(2):234-237.
陈金良. 2008. 放归普氏野马的食物、水源、空间利用及生存对策的研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
何世山, 金小军. 2003. 高温对肉鸡血液生化指标的影响[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 29(3):311-314.
吉晟男. 2013. 圈养普氏野马(Equus ferus przewalskii)行为与生理生态及适应性的非损伤性研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
吉晟男, 杨亮亮, 葛兴芳, 等. 2013. 圈养普氏野马夏季高温期昼间活动时间分配研究[J]. 四川动物, 32(5):676-683.
于小杰. 2011. 大熊猫和普氏野马类固醇激素及免疫球蛋白水平的非损伤研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
张峰. 2010. 普氏野马行为节律及其影响因子研究[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
Bernabucci U, Lacetera N, Baumgard LH, et al. 2010. Metabolic and hormonal acclimation to heat stress in domesticated ruminants[J]. Animal, 4(7):1167-1183.
Bohmanova J. 2006. Studies on genetics of heat stress in US Holsteins[D]. Athens, Georgia:The University of Georgia.
Cavigelli S. 1999. Behavioural patterns associated with faecal cortisol levels in free-ranging female ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)[J]. Animal Behaviour, 57(4):935-944.
Creel S, Fox JE, Hardy A, et al. 2002. Snow mobile activity and glucocorticoid stress responses in wolves and elk[J]. Conservation Biology, 16(3):809-814.
Curtis DJ, Zaramody A, Green DI, et al. 2000. Non-invasive monitoring of reproductive status in wild mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz)[J]. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 12(2):21-29.
Deng HQ, Jin XL, Hu DF, et al. 2014. Fecal cortisol content of wild giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) to monitor human disturbance level in natural habitats[J]. Animal Biology, 64(1):75-86.
Farooq U, Samad HA, Shehzad F, et al. 2010. Physiological responses of cattle to heat stress[J]. World Applied Sciences Journal, 8(special issue):38-43.
Galama WT, Graham LH, Savage A. 2004. Comparison of fecal storage methods for steroid analysis in black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis)[J]. Zoo Biology, 23(4):291-300.
Gesquiere LR, Khan M, Shek L, et al. 2008. Coping with a challenging environment:effects of seasonal variability and reproductive status on glucocorticoid concentrations of female baboons (Papio cynocephalus)[J]. Hormones and Behavior, 54(3):410-416.
Huber S, Palme R, Arnold W. 2003. Effects of season, sex, and sample collection on concentrations of fecal cortisol metabolites in red deer (Cervus elaphus)[J]. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 130(1):48-54.
Keech AL, Rosen DA, Booth RK, et al. 2010. Fecal triiodothyronine and thyroxine concentrations change in response to thyroid stimulation in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus)[J]. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 166(1):180-185.
Krausman PR, Etchberger RC. 1995. Response of desert ungulates to a water project in Arizona[J]. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 59:292-300.
La Salles AYF, Batista LF, Souza BB, et al. 2017. Growth and reproduction hormones of ruminants subjected to heat stress[J]. Journal of Animal Behaviour & Biometeorology, 5(1):7-12.
Livestock and Poultry Heat Stress Indices (LPHSI). 1990. Agricultural engineering technology guide[S]. Clemson (SC):Clemson University.
Marai IFM, Ayyat MS, Abd El-Monem UM. 2001. Growth performance and reproductive traits at first parity of New Zealand white female rabbits as affected by heat stress and its alleviation under Egyptian conditions[J]. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 33(6):451-462.
Marai IFM, El-Darawany AA, Fadiel A, et al. 2007. Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep-a review[J]. Small Ruminant Research, 71(1):1-12.
Marai IFM, Haeeb AAM. 2010. Buffalo's biological functions as affected by heat stress-a review[J]. Livestock Science, 127:89-109.
Millspaugh JJ, Washburn BE. 2004. Use of fecal glucocorticoid metabolite measures in conservation biology research:considerations for application and interpretation[J]. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 138(3):189-199.
Mohr E. 1971. The Asiatic wild horse[M]. London:JA Allen & Co. Ltd.
Möstl E, Messmann S, Bagu E, et al. 1999. Measurement of glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in faeces of domestic livestock[J]. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 46(10):621-631.
Renaudeau D, Kerdoncuff M, Anais C, et al. 2008. Effect of temperature level on thermal acclimation in large white growing pigs[J]. Animal, 2(11):1619-1626.
Ryder OA, Wedermeyer E. 1982. A cooperative breeding programme for the Mongolian wild horse Equus przewalskii in the United States[J]. Biological Conservation, 22(4):259-271.
Ryder OA. 1994. Genetic studies of Przewalski's horses and their impact on conservation[M]//Boyd L, Houpt KA. Przewalski's horse:the history and biology of an endangered species. New York:Albany:75-92.
Sapolsky RM. 1998. Why zebras don't get ulcers:an updated guide to stress, stress-related diseases, and coping[M]. New York:WH Freeman and Company.
Serbester U, Çınar M, Ceyhan A, et al. 2012. Effect of essential oil combination on performance, milk composition, blood parameters and pregnancy rate in early lactating dairy cows during heat exposure[J]. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22(3):556-563.
Serbester U, Gorgiilii M, Kutlu HR, et al. 2005. The effects of sprinkler+fan, fish meal or dietary fat on milk yield and milk composition of dairy cows in mid lactation during summer[J]. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 14:639-653.
CopyRight©2018 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology