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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.5

An Investigation on Population Density and Distribution of Rusa unicolor in Wolong National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:YAO Gang1,2, LI Yanhong1, ZHANG Jindong1, LI Dayong1, YANG Zhisong1, HU Jie1*, SHI Xiaogang3
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation(Ministry of Education), College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637009, China;
2. Institute of Laboratory Animal, Guiyang University of Chinese Medicine, Guiyang 550025, China;
3. Wolong National Nature Reserve, Wenchuan, Sichuan Province 623000, China
Key Words:Wolong National Nature Reserve; Rusa unicolor; faecal standing crop counting method; population density; distribution
Abstract:Understanding the population density and distribution of precious animal is an important basis for the implementation of protective measures. From July to August in 2015, the faecal standing crop counting method was used to investigate the population density of sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) in the Pitiao and Gengda River basin of Wolong National Nature Reserve. Meanwhile, by combining the ecological monitoring data that collected in recent years, the distribution of sambar deer was analysed preliminarily. The results showed that sambar deer distributed widely in Wolong National Nature Reserve. The altitude distribution of sambar deer ranged from 1 354 m to 3 841 m above sea level, and 95% of the trace points were at an altitude interval of 1 600-3 599 m. The average population density of sambar deer was 0.25 ind./km2±0.16 ind./km2 in the study area. Moreover, the decline trend of sambar deer population density from the upstream of Pitiao River down to Gengda River basin was obviously, and there were significant positive correlation among population density, distance between trace points and residential area, and these indicated that the residential areas had significant influence on the distribution of sambar deer.
2017,36(5): 588-592 收稿日期:2017-02-09
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