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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.5

A Comparative Analysis of Life Table and Population Dynamics of Rhinopithecus roxellana from Captivity and Wild
Author of the article:LIU Xuefeng1, YOU Yuyan1, WANG Wei1, JIA Ting1, HU Xin1, YU Zeying2, XIE Zhong2, ZHAO Sufen1*, ZHANG Chenglin
Author's Workplace:1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Captive Wildlife Technologies, Beijing Zoo, Beijing 100044, China;
2. Chinese Association of Zoological Gardens, Beijing 100037, China
Key Words:Rhinopithecus roxellana; captive born; wild source; life table; innate capacity of increase; population dynamic
Abstract:Based on the 2015 International Studbook, the 836 captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) worldwide were classified into 2 groups:captive born group (group C) and wild group (group W). The life table, mortality curve, survival curve, and innate increase capacity of the 2 groups were calculated through the age structure, reproductive efficiency and sex ratio. The results showed that:the finite increase rates λC and λW of the 2 groups were 1.113 9 and 1.065 0, respectively, and this indicated that the captive Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys from both groups had small fluctuations of population number. Additionally, the survival curves of both groups showed convex type, indicating that they had relatively stable lifespan and population structure. The mean life expectancy value of group W was 6.30±0.72, and this was significantly longer than that of group C (4.10±0.37, P<0.05). Moreover, the mortality rate of group W was about0%-3.94%, whereas group C was 2.19%-8.25%, and the mortality rate of infant and youth individuals of group W was about 0.26%-8.25% lowered than group C except for the 4-year-old, and this might demonstrate a better population sustainability of group W.
2017,36(5): 481-488 收稿日期:2017-02-17
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170045
分类号:Q959.8;Q95
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题项目(2013BAD03B01)
作者简介:刘学锋,男,博士研究生,高级畜牧师,主要从事野生动物保护、饲养繁育等方面研究
*通讯作者:赵素芬,博士,主要从事动物传染病发病与免疫机制研究、发育组织学、野生动物疫病防治和研究,E-mail:zhaosufen111@126.com;张成林,高级兽医师,主要从事野生动物疫病防治和研究,E-mail:zhch6465@263.net
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