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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.4

Activity Patterns of Mammals in Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:ZHANG Yuansheng1, JIANG Jian2, JIANG Wanjie2, WANG Dan2, FAN Yaqian2, TANG Xiaoming1, BAO Weidong1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
2. Songshan National Nature Reserve Management Department, Beijing 102115, China
Key Words:mammals; seasonal activity pattern; daily rhythm; relative abundance index; camera trapping
Abstract:In the study of animal behavioral ecology research, understanding the animal activity rhythm is the first step of analyzing animal survival strategy. The seasonal activity pattern and daily activity pattern of the 10 most-common mammals in Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve were studied through the relative abundance index basing on the data of camera trapping from March 2013 to February 2014. The results showed that:(1) Sciurotamias davidianus,Tamias sibiricus,Meles leucurus,Arctonyx collaris,Prionailurus bengalensis, and Nyctereutes procyonoides were most active in summer, while Paguma larvata,Naemorhedus griseus, and Sus scrofa were most active in autumn. By analyzing the abnormal annual rhythm of the S. vulgaris, we presumed that it might be a new species which was released into the protected area by human in November 2013. (2) P. larvata,N. griseus,A. collaris,P. bengalensis, and S. scrofa were nocturnal animals, while T. sibiricus,Sciurus vulgaris, and S. davidianus were diurnal animals. (3) According to the behaviors of animals that displayed in the front of cameras, we found different species showing different reactions such as avoiding or being attracted by camera trapping. This study indicated that camera trapping was an effective technique for long-term monitoring the activity patterns of forest mammals, and could provide reference and database for making conservation measures on regional biodiversity.
2017,36(4): 460-467 收稿日期:2017-04-04
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170108
分类号:Q958.1
基金项目:北京市科技计划项目(Z121100000312107)
作者简介:张源笙(1993-),女,本科,主要从事野生动物生态与行为研究,E-mail:zhang.yuansheng@126.com
*通讯作者:鲍伟东,E-mail:bao-weidong@126.com
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