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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.4

A Study on the Relationship between Animal Community Structure and the Cave Environment Factors in Lashanhe Cave in Guizhou
Author of the article:WEN Qing1, YANG Weicheng1,2*, TAO Hongmei1
Author's Workplace:1. School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
2. Institute of Karst Caves, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
Key Words:cave animals; mercury; arsenic; community structure; Lashanhe cave; Guizhou
Abstract:Through an in-depth investigation in Lashanhe cave, a total of 472 animal specimens belonging to 3 phyla,9 classes, 19 orders, 33 families and 38 species were obtained, and divided into 4 communities based on individual numbers and environmental differences. The result of community diversity analysis showed that the diversity indices of each community were 2.637 9(A), 2.475 7(B), 1.442 3(C), and 1.311 5(D), respectively. Specifically, community A showed the highest species number and richness indices, community D showed the highest evenness indices, and community C showed the highest dominance indices. Moreover, although the species number of community C was the lowest, it formed a larger group. The result of Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated that temperature was positively correlated with diversity of community (1.000). Soil mercury was positively correlated with species number (0.997), and the correlation coefficient of soil arsenic with diversity index, richness and dominance were -1.000, -0.999 and 0.998, respectively. The comprehensive pollution index reached heavy pollution level after evaluating the soil pollution of heavy metals in Lashanhe cave, while that of water pollution reached the class Ⅲ quality standard for ground water. There is a close relationship between the content of heavy metals and animal community structure in cave.
2017,36(4): 404-411 收稿日期:2016-12-02
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