Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Fax:+86-28-85410485 &
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.4

New Subspecies of Cuora cyclornata (Blanck, Mccord & Le, 2006), Cuora trifasciata (Bell, 1825) and Cuora aurocapitata (Luo & Zong, 1988)
Author of the article:Torsten Blanck1*, ZHOU Ting2, LI Yi3, Tomáš Protiva4, Paul Crow5, Ralph Tiedemann6
Author's Workplace:1. Cuora Conservation Center-8530 Deutschlandsberg, Austria;
2. Hainan Forestry Science Institute, Haikou 571100, China;
3. Huizhou Liyi Golden Coin Turtle Farm Co. Ltd, Huizhou, Guangdong Province 516157, China;
4. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University Prague-ViniČná 7, 12844 Prague 2, Czech Republic;
5. Kadoorie Farm & BotanicGarden-Lam Kam Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China;
6. University of Potsdam, Institute for Biology andBiochemistry, Unit of Evolutionary Biology/Systematic Zoology, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, Haus 26, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
Key Words:Testudines; Geoemydidae; Cuora ssp.nov.; taxonomy; Vietnam; China; microsatellite; morphometrics
Abstract:Recent genetic studies have revalidated Cuora cyclornata and shown that a third, yet undescribed genetic subgroup which can be differentiated colorimetrically and morphometrically from the previously recognized 2 subspecies. Similarly for C. trifasciata a divergent genetic group was identified that can be clearly assigned to the specimens from Hainan Island, China. The same is true for C. aurocapitata where a colorimetrical well-distinguished variety has long been known, and this is supported by microsatellite markers (Tiedemann et al., 2014) and by morphometrics. Here we use geometric morphological methods for the discriminant function analysis. Both the genetic results and the morphometric analysis of the shell clearly support the distinctiveness between C. trifasciata and C. cyclornata and the undescribed subspecies. These3 groups are herein described as the new subspecies C. cyclornata annamitica,C. trifasciata luteocephala and C. aurocapitata dabieshani, respectively.
2017,36(4): 368-385 收稿日期:2016-09-16
*通讯作者:Torsten Blanck,
Amadon D. 1949. The seventy-five per cent rule for subspecies[J]. The Condor, 51:250-258.
Artner HG. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht von Pan's Scharnierschildkr te Cuora pani pani Song, 1984 und der Goldkopf-Scharnierschildkr te Cuora pani aurocapitata Luo & Zong, 1988[J]. Emys, 11(1):4-21. (English Title:Keeping and breeding of Pan's box turtle Cuora pani pani and of the yellow-headed box turtle Cuora pani aurocapitata)
Artner HG. 2007. Keeping and breeding of the Chinese three-striped box turtle Cuora trifasciata (Bell, 1825)[J]. Emys, 14(4):4-21.
Artner HG. 2008. The world's extant turtle species, Part 1[J]. Emys, 15(3):4-32.
Bell T. 1825. A monograph of the tortoises having a moveable sternum, with remarks on their arrangement and affinities[J]. Zoological Journal, 2:299-310.
Blanck T. 2013. Zu Besuch bei Cuora galbinifrons auf Hainan, China[J]. Reptilia (Münster), 18(99):100-109. (English Title:Visiting Cuora galbinifrons on Hainan Island, China)
Blanck T, Mccord WP, Le M. 2006. On the variability of Cuora trifasciata (B, 1825); the rediscovery of the type specimen, with descriptions of a new Cuora species and subspecies, and remarks on the distribution, habitat and vulnerability of these species (Reptilia:Testudines:Geoemydidae)[M]. Frankfurt, Edition Chimaira, Contributions to Natural History, (31):155.
Blanck T, Tang M. 2005. Ein neuer Fundort von Cuora pani Song, 1984 mit Diskussion über den taxonomischen Status von Cuora pani und Cuora aurocapitata[J]. Sacalia, 7:16-37. (English Title:A new locality for Cuora pani with a discussion on the taxonomic status of Cuora pani and Cuora aurocapitata)
Bookstein FL. 1997. Morphometric tools for landmark data:geometry and biology[M]. New York:Cambridge University Press:455.
Bourret R. 1939. Notes herpétologiques sur l'Indochine française. XVⅢ. Reptiles et batraciens reçus au Laboratoire des Sciences Naturelle de l'Université au cours de l'année 1939. Descriptions de quatre espéces et d'une variété nouvelles[J]. Hanoi, Bulletin Général de l'Instruction Publique, 19(4. Décembre):5-39.
Cracraft J. 1989. Speciation and its ontology:The empirical consequences of alternative species concepts for understanding patterns and processes of differentiation[M]//Otte D, Endler JA (Eds.) Speciation and its Consequences. Sunderland, MA, Sinauer Associates:28-59.
Fritz U, D'Angelo S, Pennisi MG, et al. 2006. Variation of Sicilian pond turtles, Emys trinacris What makes a species cryptic?[J]. Amphibia-Reptilia, 27(4):513-529.
Fritz U, Fattizzo T, Guicking D, et al. 2005. A new cryptic species of pond turtle from southern Italy, the hottest spot in the range of the genus Emys (Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae)[J]. Zoologica Scripta, 34(4):351-371.
Fritz U, Havas P. 2007. Checklist of chelonians of the world[J]. Vertebrate Zoology, 57(2):149-368.
Fritz U, Ziegler T, Herrmann HW, et al. 2002. Intergradation between subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons Bourret, 1939 and Pyxidea mouhotii (Gray, 1862) in southern north Vietnam (Reptilia:Testudines:Geoemydidae)[J]. Faunistische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, 23:59-74.
Gray JE. 1855. Catalogue of shield reptiles in the collection of the British museum. Part I. Testudinata (Tortoises)[M].London:British Museum:79.
Haig SM, Beever EA, Chambers SM, et al. 2006. Taxonomic considerations in listing subspecies under the U.S.[J]. Endangered Species Act:Conservation Biology, 20(6):1584-1594.
Hawlitschek O, Nagy ZT, Glaw F. 2012. Island evolution and systematic revision of comoran snakes:why and when subspecies still make sense[J]. Public Library of Science (PLoS) ONE, 7(8):1-19.
Huang B, Huang Y. 2011. A new record of distribution in Henan province:Cuora pani Song[J]. Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 1:71-72.
Lehr E, Fritz U, Obst FJ. 1998. Die Unterarten von Cuora galbinifrons Bourret, 1939[J]. Zoologische Abhandlungen Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 50:77-97. (Title in English:The subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons)
Li W, Zhang XC, Zhao J. 2015b. Complete mitochondrial genome of Cuora trifasciata (Chinese three-striped box turtle), and a comparative analysis with other box turtles[J]. Gene, 555(2):169-177.
Li W, Zhao J, Shi Y. 2015a. The complete mitochondrial genome of the critically endangered Vietnamese three-striped box turtle (Testudines:Geoemydidae)[J]. Mitochondrial DNA, 26(6):925.
Luo B, Zong Y. 1988. A new species of Cuora-Cuora aurocapitata[J]. Acta Herpetologica Sinica, Beijing, 3:13-16.
Mayr E. 1963. Animal species and evolution[M]. Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press:273.
Mayr E, Ashlock PD. 1991. Principles of systematic zoology[M]. New York:McGraw-Hill:416.
Meier E. 1997. Eine Methode zur Zucht aggressiver und streßempfindlicher Wasserschildkr ten, exemplarisch dargestellt an der Moorschildkr te Clemmys muhlenbergii (Schoepff, 1801) und der Dreistreifen-Scharnierschildkr te Cuora trifasciata (Bell, 1825)[M]//Artner H, Meier E (Eds.). Schildkr ten. Münster, Natur und Tier-Verlag:184:53-68. (English Title:A method to breed aggressive and easily stressed turtles species, examples used are the Bog turtle Clemmys muhlenbergii and the Chinese three-striped box turtle Cuora trifasciata)
Mell R. 1938. Beiträge zur Fauna Sinica. VI. Aus der Biologie chinesischer Schildkr ten[J]. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, N.F., 7(3):390-475. (English Title:Contributions to the Fauna Sinica. VI. The biology of Chinese turtles)
Miralles A, Vasconcelos R, Perera A, et al. 2011. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae)[J]. Zoologica Scripta, 40(1):16-44.
Obst FJ, Reimann M. 1994. Bemerkenswerte Variabilität bei Cuora galbinifrons Bourret, 1939, mit Beschreibung einer neuen geographischen Unterart:Cuora galbinifrons bourreti subsp. nov. (Reptilia:Testudines:Bataguridae)[J]. Zoologische Abhandlungen, Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, 48(7):125-138. (English Title:Notable variability within Cuora galbinifrons, with the description of a new geographic subspecies:Cuora galbinifrons bourreti)
Parham JF, Stuart BL, Bour R, et al. 2004. Evolutionary distinctiveness of the extinct Yunnan box turtle (Cuora yunnanensis) revealed by DNA from an old museum specimen[J]. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Biology (Supplement), Biological Letters, London, 271:391-394 + Electronic Appendix A, 6.
Patten MA, Unitt P. 2002. Diagnosability versus mean differences of sage sparrow subspecies[J]. The Auk, 119:26-35.
Phillimore AB, Owens IPF. 2006. Are subspecies useful in evolutionary and conservation biology?[J]. Are subspecies useful in evolutionary and conservation biology Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 273:1049-1053.
Richard M, Thorpe RS. 2001. Can microsatellites be used to infer phylogenies? Evidence from population affinities of the western Canary Island lizard (Gallotia galloti)[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 20:351-360.
Rohlf RJ. 2008. tpsDig-Thin Plate Spline Digitizer, version 2.12. Computer Program[P]. New York, Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Brook.
Sheets HD. 2003. IMP software, integrated morphometrics software package, version 6a[P]. Buffalo, NY, Department of Physics, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY and Department of Geology, SUNY at Buffalo, NY.
Shi H, Fong JJ, Parham JF, et al. 2008. Mitochondrial variation of the "eyed" turtles (Sacalia) based on known locality and trade specimens[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 49:1025-1029.
Song M. 1984. A new species of the turtle genus Cuora (Testudoformes:Testudinidae)[J]. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, Xi'an, 9:330-332.
Spinks PQ, Shaffer HB. 2007. Conservation phylogenetics of the Asian box turtles (Geoemydidae, Cuora):mitochondrial introgression, numts, and inferences from multiple nuclear loci[J]. Conservation Genetics, 8:641-657.
Spinks PQ, Shaffer HB, Iverson JB, et al. 2004. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geoemydidae[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 32(1):164-182.
Spinks PQ, Thomason RC, Shaffer HB. 2009. A reassessment of Cuora cyclornata Blanck, McCord and Le, 2006 (Testudines, Geoemydidae) and a plea for taxonomic stability[J]. Zootaxa, 2018:58-68.
Spinks PQ, Thomason RC, Zhang Y, et al. 2012. Species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in the critically endangered Asian box turtle genus Cuora[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63:656-667.
Stuart BL, Parham JF. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the critically endangered Indochinese box turtle (Cuora galbinifrons)[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31(1):164-177.
Stuart BL, Parham JF. 2007. Recent hybrid origin of three rare Chinese turtles[J]. Conservation Genetics, 8:169-175.
TCC[Turtle Conservation Coalition] (Rhodin AGJ, Walde AD, Horne BD, et al.[eds.]). 2011. Turtles in Trouble:The World's 25+ Most Endangered Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles-2011[M]. Lunenburg, MA:IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group, Turtle Conservation Fund, Turtle Survival Alliance, Turtle Conservancy, Chelonian Research Foundation, Conservation International, Wildlife Conservation Society, and San Diego Zoo Global:54.
Tiedemann R, Schneider ARR, Havenstein K, et al. 2014. New microsatellite markers allow high-resolution taxon delimitation in critically endangered Asian box turtles, genus Cuora[J]. Salamandra, 50(3):139-146 + Suppl. Material.
TTWG[Turtle Taxonomy Working Group] (Van Dijk PP, Iverson JB, Rhodin AGJ, et al.). 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition:Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7[M]. Lunenburg, Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014:329-479.
Vieites DR, Wollerberg KC, Andreone F, et al. 2009. Vast underestimation of Madagascar's biodiversity evidenced by an intergrative amphibian inventory[J]. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(20):8267-8272.
Vogt RC. 1978. Systematics and ecology of the false map turtle complex Graptemys pseudogeographica[D]. Madison, University of Wisconsin, USA:750.
Vogt RC. 1993. Systematics of the false map turtles (Graptemys pseudogeographica complex:Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae)[J]. Annals of Carnegie Museum, 62(1):1-46.
Voris HK. 2000. Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in south east Asia:shorelines, river systems, time durations[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 27:1153-1167.
Weiß CH. 2007. StatSoft, Inc, Tulsa, OK.[KG-0.5mm]:STATISTICA, Version 8[J]. AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, 91(3):339-341.
Zelditch ML, Swiderski DL, Sheets HD, et al. 2004. Geometric morphometrics for biologists:a primer[M]. London:Elsevier Academic Press:443.
Zhang F, Wu XB. 2005. Investigation on the status of the wild golden-headed box turtle in China[J]. Chinese Wildlife, 26(5):51-54.
Zhang F, Wu XB. 2006. Current status of the wild golden headed box turtle (Cuora aurocapitata) in JingXian county, Anhui province[J]. Journal of Anhui Normal University (Natural Science), 29(2):167-169.
CopyRight©2020 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology