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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.3

Habitat Selection by Three Sympatric High-mountain Galliformes
Author of the article:XU Yu1,2*, WANG Bin3, DOU Liang3, RAN Jianghong3, LIU Shirong4*, YUE Hanqiu5, YANG Liu5, ZONG Jianwei1, LI Yanji
Author's Workplace:1. College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Pingdingshan University, Pingdingshan, Henan Province 467000, China;
2. College of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025, China;
3. Collage of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China;
4. Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China;
5. College of Tourism and Planning, Pingdingshan University, Pingdingshan, Henan Province 467000, China;
6. Gexigou National Nature Reserve, Yajiang, Sichuan Province 627450, China
Key Words:Galliformes; habitat selection; season; conservation; sympatric
Abstract:Understanding the habitat selection by sympatric species can provide insights into species coexistence, competition and niche partitioning, and also has important practical value for developing well-integrated species conservation policies. We studied habitat selection by three sympatric rare high-mountain Galliformes, buff-throated partridges (Tetraophasis szechenyii), white eared-pheasants (Crossoptilon crossoptilon), and blood pheasants (Ithaginis cruentus) in Gexigou National Nature Reserve, Yajiang county, western China from April 2014 to January 2015. Along 17 established line-transects, we detected 65, 61 and 66 species occurrence evidences in spring, autumn and winter, respectively. Jacobs's index analysis with the Bonferroni simultaneous-confidence-interval approach revealed that:(1) in spring, buff-throated partridges preferred fir-larch forests with an obvious avoidance of oak thickets, while white eared-pheasants avoided rhododendron or other miscellaneous shrubs and grasslands. Blood pheasants used all 5 habitat types in proportion to availability; (2) in autumn, blood pheasants avoided rhododendron or other miscellaneous shrubs and grasslands, while buff-throated partridges and white eared-pheasants did not show positive selection or obvious avoidance for any habitat types; (3) in winter, all the three species showed an active avoidance of rhododendron or other miscellaneous shrubs and grasslands. Additionally, white eared-pheasants showed a preference for oak thickets. The results indicate interspecific and seasonal differences in habitat selection by the three species. For conservation management of the three species and potentially high-mountain Galliformes throughout western China, we suggest managers to maintain a mosaic of habitats.
2017,36(3): 258-265 收稿日期:2017-01-02
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