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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.2

Reproduction Ecological Traits and Adaptation of Fulica atra in Zoige Plateau Wetland
Author of the article:XIAO Yue, ZHAO Chenhao, LIU Wei, WU Yongjie, RAN Jianghong*
Author's Workplace:Key Laboratory of Bio-resources and Eco-environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
Key Words:Fulica atra; Zoige; alpine wetland; reproduction; wetland birds; nest-site selection
Abstract:The reproductive ecology and the adaptation to highland habitats of the common coot (Fulica atra) were studied in Zoige Plateau Wetland. The results showed that the average nesting period of coots in Zoige was 6.73 d±0.36 d, the average height of the nests above water was 7.83 cm±0.64 cm, the average clutch size was 5.83 eggs±2.15 eggs, the average mass of egg was 31.90 g±0.37 g, the average incubation time was 26.64 d±2.83 d, and no old nests were reutilized. Compared with the coots breeding in low plain wetland, the coots living in high and cold Zoige Plateau Wetland had smaller clutch size, longer hatching period, and preferred to nest in the habitat close to aquatic vegetation with moderate coverage and high height of water plants. The results of principal component analysis indicated that there were 3 principal components affecting the nest-site selection of the coots in Zoige Plateau Wetland:safety factor, traffic factor and intraspecific competition factor. When compared with the coots living in low plain wetland, coots in Zoige Plateau Wetland would choose the nest sites with better shelter and safety, and this might be an adaptation strategy under the variable climate of plateau and high predation pressure.
2017,36(2): 217-222 收稿日期:2016-09-14
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