Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Fax:+86-28-85410485 &
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.1

Comparison of Fitness between Captive Grus japonensis and Grus vipio in Winter in Zhalong National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:YANG Zhihong1*, ZOU Hongfei2, SHAO Shuli1, GUO Liye3, LIN Chunshan3, ZHANG Xianguang3
Author's Workplace:1. College of Life Sciences, Agriculture and Forestry, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang Province 161006, China;
2. College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China;
3. Zhalong Nature Reserve, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang Province 161003, China
Key Words:Grus japonensis; Grus vipio; fitness; Zhalong National Nature Reserve
Abstract:The present study was designed to compare the winter fitness of red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) and white-naped crane (G. vipio) winter inhabitation in Qiqihar, Heilongjiang province, China, and to provide more reference on situ conservation. G. japonensis (5♀, 7) and G. vipio (3♀, 5) were housed individually in cages (6 m×4 m×4 m) in their natural habitat in Zhalong National Nature Reserve (123°51'-124°37'E, 46°48'-47°32'N). Twenty adults were fed with the same diets and feeding method. Crucian carp (Carassius auratus) and corn were supplied regularly. During the process, G. japonensis and G. vipio were maintained in natural conditions with a short photoperiod of9.5L:14.5D. The body mass changes, food intake, food intake ratio, energy budget, and energy budget of unit body mass in the winter birds were compared after 4 weeks. The birds were weighed (0.01 kg) twice at the start and finish of the experiment. Energy and water intake was measured for every bird. The amount of supplied and residual food was weighed daily during the experiment, and the caloric content of food intake was determined using an oxygen bomb calorimeter. The fecal discharge frequency was calculated by counting fecal deposits 5 times per day, after which the deposit was removed to ensure accurate measurement. The results showed that the body mass of G. japonensis and G. vipio were reduced 9.35%(P<0.05) and 3.02% (P>0.05), respectively, and food intake ratio (crucian carp/corn) were 12.70/1 and 0.93/1, respectively. No significant difference was observed in body temperature. Energy intake and the cooling energy of water discharged measured values of G. japonensis were significantly higher than G. vipio (P<0.001). However, although the energy intake of unit body mass (/kg) between the two birds was not significantly different, the cooling energy of water discharged of unit body mass in G. japonensis was significantly higher than G. vipio. In addition, due to the stress of low air temperature and short photoperiod, the food intake time of crucian carp and corn was limited only within 5.5 h and 9.5 h, respectively. These findings suggested that the energy intake demand of G. japonensis was the same as the G. vipio in winter, however, the energy budget benefits were different because of their different feeding preference. In conclusion, from the perspective of food availability and energy budget, the fitness of G. vipio should be higher than G. japonensis in winter in Zhalong National Nature Reserve.
2017,36(1): 87-93 收稿日期:2016-10-02
蒋志刚, 江建平, 王跃招, 等. 2016. 中国脊椎动物红色名录[J]. 生物多样性, 24(5):500-551.
王文锋, 高忠燕, 李长友, 等. 2011. 扎龙湿地丹顶鹤种群数量调查及保护[J]. 野生动物, 32(2):80-82.
杨志宏, 邵淑丽. 2011. 食物质量差异对树麻雀能量预算和消化道形态特征的影响[J]. 生态学报, 31(14):3937-3946.
杨志宏, 吴庆明, 杨渺, 等. 2014.[树]麻雀羽再生的能量预算和水代谢散热调节[J]. 生态学报, 34(10):2617-2628.
杨志宏, 邹红菲, 高忠燕, 等. 2015. 食物可获得性对冬季丹顶鹤能量收支的影响——以扎龙自然保护区人工辅助繁育丹顶鹤为例[J]. 生态学报, 35(13):4408-4415.
张晓爱, 赵亮, 胥志清. 2001a. 鸟类生态能量学的几个基本问题[J]. 动物学研究, 22(3):231-238.
张晓爱, 赵亮, 康玲. 2001b. 鸟类能量学的学科结构及其发展[J]. 动物学研究, 22(2):146-153.
Carpenter FL, Hixon MA, Beuchat CA, et al. 1993. Biphasic mass gain in migrant hummingbirds:body composition changes, torpor, and ecological significance[J]. Ecology, 74(4):1173-1182.
Cooper SJ. 2007. Daily and seasonal variation in body mass and visible fat in mountain chickadees and juniper titmice[J]. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 119(4):720-724.
Guillemette M, Butler PJ. 2012. Seasonal variation in energy expenditure is not related to activity level or water temperature in a large diving bird[J]. The Journal Experimental Biology, 215(18):3161-3168.
Hegemann A, Matson KD, Versteegh MA, et al. 2012. Wild skylarks seasonally modulate energy budgets but maintain energetically costly inflammatory immune responses throughout the annual cycle[J]. PLoS ONE, 7(5):e36358. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0036358.
Lee SD, Jabloński PG, Higuchi H. 2007. Effect of heterospecifics on foraging of endangered red-crowned and white-naped cranes in the Korean Demilitarized Zone[J]. Ecological Research, 22(4):635-640.
Liechti F. 2006. Birds:blowin' by the wind?[J]. Journal of Ornithology, 147(2):202-211.
Li ZQ, Wang Z, Ge C. 2013. Time budgets of wintering red-crowned cranes:effects of habitat, age and family size[J]. Wetlands, 33(2):227-232.
Luo JM, Yin XR, Ya YJ, et al. 2013. Pb and Cd bioaccumulations in the habitat and preys of red-crowned cranes (Grus japonensis) in Zhalong Wetland, northeastern China[J]. Biological Trace Element Research, 156(1):134-143.
Luo JM, Ye YJ, Gao ZY, et al. 2014. Characterization of heavy metal contamination in the habitat of red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) in Zhalong Wetland, northeastern China[J]. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology, 93(3):327-333.
McNab BK. 2003. Ecology shapes bird bioenergetics[J]. Nature, 426(6967):620-621.
McNab BK, Ellis HI. 2006. Flightless rails endemic to islands have lower energy expenditures and clutch sizes than flighted rails on islands and continents[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 145(3):295-311.
McNab BK. 2013. The ecological energetics of birds in New Guinea[J]. Bull-Florida Museum of Natural History, 52(2):95-159.
McWilliams SR, Karasov WH. 2001. Phenotypic flexibility in digestive system structure and function in migratory birds and its ecological significance[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 128(3):579-593.
Mészáros A, Tóth Z, Pásztor L. 2006. Body mass of female great tits (Parus major) at egg laying[J]. Journal of Ornithology, 147(3):414-418.
Suárez F, Traba J, Herranz J. 2005. Body mass changes in female tawny pipits Anthus campestris during the nesting stage[J]. Journal of Ornithology, 146(4):372-376.
Thouzeau C, Duchamp C, Handrich Y. 1999. Energy metabolism and body temperature of barn owls fasting in the cold[J].Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 72(2):170-178.
Wu MS, Xiao YC, Yang F, et al. 2014. Seasonal variation in body mass and energy budget in Chinese bulbuls (pycnonotus sinensis)[J]. Avian Research, 5:4.
Wu MX, Zhou LM, Zhao LD, et al. 2015. Seasonal variation in body mass, body temperature and thermogenesis in the Hwamei, Garrulax cantors[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 179:113-119.
Wu QM, Zou HF. 2011. Nest-site selection pattern of Grus japonensis in Zhalong Nature Reserve of northeast China[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 22(2):281-288.
Zheng WH, Li M, Liu JS, et al. 2014a. Seasonal variation of metabolic thermogenesis in Eurasian tree sparrows (Passer montanus) over a latitudinal gradient[J]. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 87(5):704-718.
Zheng WH, Liu JS, Swanson DL. 2014b. Seasonal phenotypic flexibility of body mass, organ masses, and tissue oxidative capacity and their relationship to resting metabolic rate in Chinese bulbuls[J]. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 87(3):432-444.
CopyRight©2022 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology 蜀ICP备08107403号-3