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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.1

Preliminary Report on the Effects of Artificial Illumination on Reproduction of Lophophorus lhuysii
Author of the article:CHEN Dongmei1,2*, HE Song1, WEI Yi1,2, FU Mingtai1,2, CHEN Li1, DENG Jiangyu3, ZHOU Caiquan1,2*
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation(Ministry of Education), College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China;
2. Institute of Rare Animals and Plants, College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China;
3. Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve, Baoxing, Sichuan Province 625700, China
Key Words:Lophophorus lhuysii; breeding season; illumination; blood reproductive hormone; reproductive performance
Abstract:This study investigated the possibility of increasing illumination time to improve the reproductive performance of the Chinese monals (Lophophorus lhuysii) during the breeding season. Artificial supplementary lighting tests were conducted during February 26 to May 26, 2016. A total of 8 adult L. lhuysii(4, 4♀) with the similar mass and size were chosen and randomly divided into an experimental group (2, 2♀) and a control group (2, 2♀). Natural lighting was used in the control group, and in the experimental group, the natural lighting and artificial supplementary lighting were combined and the illumination time was extended to 16 h (16L:8D) per day. The results showed that the blood estradiol of female L. lhuysii and the blood testosterone of male in the experimental group were extreme significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The blood luteinizing prime and prolactin in experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05). The blood follicle stimulating hormone of experimental group was higher than that of control group, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05). The courtship behavior of the males in experimental group appeared more early and frequently than that of control group. The first spawning date in experimental group was 26 d earlier than that of control group, the spawning period delayed 2 d, the fertility rate went up by 80%, the average egg mass increased 3.0 g, and the egg laying number increased 1. On the basis of L. lhuysii annual spawning, combined use of natural lighting and artificial supplementary lighting can promote L. lhuysii to lay eggs, increase the egg weight, and increase the fertility rate.
2017,36(1): 19-24 收稿日期:2016-08-10
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20160207
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:四川省应用基础研究项目(2015JY0249);四川省教育厅项目(10ZX007)
作者简介:陈冬梅,女,硕士,副教授,主要从事动物营养及饲养研究
*通讯作者:陈冬梅,E-mail:cdmfjm@163.com;周材权,E-mail:drcqzhou1@163.com
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