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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2016 Vol.35 No.6

Breeding Behavior of Garrulax sannio in Chengdu and Its Adaptation to the Urban Environments
Author of the article:YAN Yong, CHAI Luyan, WU Yongjie, DOU Liang, RAN Jianghong*
Author's Workplace:Key Laboratory of Eco-resource and Eco-environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
Key Words:Garrulax sannio; breeding behavior; adaptive changes; urbanization; nest-site selection; incubation rhythm
Abstract:The breeding behavior of the white-browed laughingthrush (Garrulax sannio) was systematically studied from 2012 to 2013 in the Wangjiang campus of Sichuan University, which is located in Chengdu urban area. Compared with the previous studies of G. sannio in different periods and sites, we found that:(1) G. sannio would use diversified nest materials, including the human garbage; (2) They mostly nested in high trees of urban area while nesting in bamboos or low trees of suburban area; (3) The main factors affecting the nest-site selection were tree breast-height diameter, nest height, and tree height; (4) The contemporary incubation time of G. sannio was shortened to 11~12 d compared to 15~17 d in 1950s; (5) The mean feeding phase of G. sannio was 12 d, but the egg weight, daily feeding frequency, weight and length of nestling on leaving-nest day of the birds in urban area were higher than those in suburban area; (6)The breeding success rate was 73.3% in urban area compared with 23.1% in suburban area. Compared with those living in suburban area, G. sannio of urban area evolved adaptive changes of breeding behavior that helped them become the dominant urban species in the process of urbanization.
2016,35(6): 936-941 收稿日期:2016-08-16
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