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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2016 Vol.35 No.6

Diurnal Behavior Rhythm of Wintering Tringa erythropus in Poyang Lake
Author of the article:SHEN Xiaoyuan1, LIU Jie1, JIN Binsong1,2, QIN Haiming1,2, LIU Guanhua3, WANG Wenjuan1,2,4*
Author's Workplace:1. Center for Watershed Ecology, Institute of Life Science and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China;
2. National Ecosystem Research Station of Jiangxi Poyang Lake Wetland, Nanchang 330038, China;
3. Jiangxi Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve, Nanchang 330038, China;
4. Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Key Words:Poyang Lake; Tringa erythropus; diurnal rhythm; time budget; wintering period
Abstract:Investigation of behavior rhythm of wintering birds is useful in understanding the strategy of birds living through hard winter environment by adjusting behavior and time budget. Until now, most relevant researches were focused on large water birds. Compared with large birds, small birds spend more energy during thermoregulation, and this may result in different diurnal rhythms. In this study, spotted redshank (Tringa erythropus), a common small water bird in Poyang Lake was selected to investigated its time budget at a sub-lake of Poyang Lake (Changhuchi) from November 2014 to March 2015. The results indicated that foraging was the most frequent diurnal behavior, accounting for 61.4% of daylight period, followed by resting (32.1%). There was a significant negative correlation between foraging and resting, and the trade-off between them was critical for the survival of T.erythropus during harsh winters. The foraging proportion of carnivorous T.erythropus was lower than that of some herbivorous water birds, but higher than some large carnivorous water birds. And this may be related to the smaller body size of T.erythropus, which made them suffer more energy loss during thermoregulation. In order to fulfill daily energy requirement, they had to allocate more time on foraging. Alerting behavior only accounted for 0.8% of daylight period, and this low proportion may be related to the aggregation characteristic of T.erythropus. During the wintering period, the time budge of feeding reached the peak while the resting dropped to the lowest level in January, which was the coldest month of year. The proportion of feeding showed a growing trend during the daytime, while the resting behavior showed an opposite trend. The time budgets of feeding and resting showed a certain degree of variation but not significant. Feeding mostly occurred in the water level lower than the hock of T.erythropus (0~5.5 cm), while resting was most active in water level higher than the hock (5.5~8.6 cm). Security and food availability may be the main factors influencing the habitat selection of T.erythropus.
2016,35(6): 810-817 收稿日期:2016-04-24
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