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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2016 Vol.35 No.4

Impacts of Highways on the Occurrence Rate of Middle-to-large Mammals in Changbai Mountain Based on Camera-trapping
Author of the article:WANG Yun1*, GUAN Lei1, PIAO Zhengji2, KONG Yaping1
Author's Workplace:1. China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
2. Changbai Mountain Academy of Sciences, Erdaobaihe, Jilin Province 133613, China
Key Words:highway; middle-to-large mammals; camera-trapping; monitor; occurrence rate; activity rhythm
Abstract:To assess the impact of highways on the occurrence rate of middle-to-large mammals in Changbai Mountain, the Ring Changbai Mountain Scenic Highway and Baishan Highway located adjacent to the Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve were studied. From May to October of during 2010 to 2015 (except for 2012), mammal monitoring was carried out using 30 infrared cameras. The results showed that: (1) there were eight middle-to-large mammal species within 500 m region of the highway roadsides. Among the observed species, three were national key protected species; (2) The ranking of occurrence rates (OR) of the observed mammals were: wild boar (Sus scrofa) (65.45%), Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) (14.79%), Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) (8.49%), Asian badger (Meles leucurus) (4.10%), sable (Martes zibellina) (3.37%), sika deer (Cervus nippon) (2.93%), Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica) and bear (brown bear or Asian black bear) (0.44%); (3) The impact of highways on the OR of most middle-to-large mammals was not significant within 500 m region of the roadside, however, the Eurasian red squirrel located approximately 300 m away from the highway roadsides while sika deer congregated within 50 to 150 m of the highway roadsides; (4) The monthly occurrence rates of wild boar and sable were negatively correlated with monthly traffic volume; (5) The observed circadian activity rhythms of all mammals were consistent with the findings of previous research. Sable, sika deer, Siberian roe deer and Asian badger were most active at night, while wild boar and red squirrel were most active during the day.
2016,35(4): 593-600 收稿日期:2016-03-17
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