Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2016 Vol.35 No.4

Activity Pattern of Giant Panda Cubs during the First Stage of Pre-release Training Project
Author of the article:ZHANG Yu, WEI Hua, CAI Shuihua, SUN Mengmeng, ZHOU Jiqiu, ZHOU Shiqiang, LI Desheng, ZHANG Hemin, HUANG Yan*
Author's Workplace:China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Wenchuan, Sichuan Province 623006, China
Key Words:activity pattern; pre-release training; giant panda cubs
Abstract:Activity pattern of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) cubs during the first stage of pre-release training project, was studied from August 2011 to August 2014 by instantaneous scan sampling in Wolong base, China Conservation and Research Center for Giant Panda, Sichuan province, China. We collected both spatial data and behavioral data, including the distance between mother and cub, habitat use and behaviors from seven female giant pandas and their cubs. Our results indicated that the distance between mother and cub increased gradually as cubs growing up, and then reached peak value when cubs started to climb up trees, and finally decreased in 11 or 12 months old. The total time duration of female giant panda held her cub in her arms decreased gradually; the total time of cubs spent on the ground increased initially, but decreased when they were about 5 to 9 months old, and then increased afterwards when they were 14 to 15 months old; the total time of cubs spent in trees increased initially when they were 5 to 10 months old, and then maintained stable until another decreasing when the cubs were 14 months old. Statistical analysis showed that the total time of cubs spent in trees was negatively correlated with the time of cubs spent in mothers arms (n=2, P<0.05)and on the ground (n=5, P<0.01). Moreover, the giant panda cubs spent 90.1%±4.1% of time on resting, 9.3%±3.9% of time on moving around, and 0.6%±0.4% of time on feeding, respectively.
2016,35(4): 528-533 收稿日期:2015-12-07
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20150390
分类号:Q958.12;Q959.8
基金项目:国家林业局林业公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201104050);大熊猫国际合作项目(SD1116,KB1401)
*通讯作者:黄炎,E-mail:pandayard@hotmail.com
参考文献:
冯庆, 王应祥, 李崇云. 1992. 笼养条件下间蜂猴的母婴关系[J]. 兽类学报, 12(3):167-174.
胡锦矗, 乔治·夏勒, 潘文石, 等. 1985. 卧龙的大熊猫[M]. 成 都:四川科学技术出版社:158, 168.
黄祥明, 张志和, 王成东, 等. 2007. 圈养大熊猫同时哺育双胞胎行为观察[J]. 兽类学报, 27(3):267-273.
Irven D, Sarel E. 1982. 灵长类[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
刘定震, 张贵权, 魏荣平, 等. 2001. 圈养繁育大熊猫幼仔生长发育规律的研究[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 37(3):396-401.
尚玉昌. 2005. 动物行为学[M]. 北京:北京大学出版社:149.
田红, 魏荣平, 张贵权, 等. 2004. 传统圈养和半自然散放环境亚成年大熊猫的行为差异[J]. 动物学研究, 25(2):137-140.
王钰. 2016. 我国人工圈养大熊猫种群数量达422只[EB/OL]. (2016-01-08)[2016-04-09]. http:www.forestry.gov.cn/main/72/content-834256.html.
魏辅文, 胡锦矗. 1994. 卧龙自然保护区野生大熊猫繁殖研究[J]. 兽类学报, 14(4):243-248.
魏辅文, 胡锦矗. 2011. 野生大熊猫生态学研究进展与前瞻[J]. 兽类学报, 31(4):412-421.
张和民, 王鹏彦, 张贵权, 等. 2003. 大熊猫繁殖研究[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社:115-117.
张和民, 李德生, 黄炎, 等. 2013. 圈养大熊猫野化培训和放归研究[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
周小平, 王鹏彦, 张和民. 2005. 圈养大熊猫行为研究以及方法[M]. 成都:四川科学技术出版社:3-16.
朱本仁, 郭伟, 姚敏达. 1999. 动物园大熊猫哺乳期一月龄内母仔关系的初步研究[J]. 兽类学报, 19(4):315-316.
Altmann J. 1974. Observational study of behavior:sampling methods[J]. Behavior, 49(3):227-267.
CopyRight©2020 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology