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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2015 Vol.34 No.3

Composition and Distribution of Baihu Wetland, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Author of the article:CAI Xinbin1, ZHANG Yaodong2, GOU Jun2, WANG Chuanbo2, ZHANG Deheng2, LIN Xuanlong1,2*
Author's Workplace:1. Institute of Forest Ecology, Xinjiang Academy of Forestry, Urumqi 830063, China;
2. Xinjiang Bird Watching Society, Urumqi 830011, China
Key Words:Baihu wetland; Oxyura leucocephala; avifauna; G-F index
Abstract:The Baihu wetland, an important breeding ground of white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala), was located in the western suburb of Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Using the data from scientific survey and birdwatchers record on biodiversity of birds in Baihu wetland from 2007 to 2014, a total of 137 bird species belonging to 14 orders, 36 families and 89 genera, which accounting for 30% of all birds in Xinjiang were identified, among of which, there were 58 travelers (42.33%), 48 summer migrants (35.04%), 17 residents (12.41%), 14 winter migrants (10.22%). Therefore, Baihu wetland was not only an important stopover, but also an important breeding habitat for birds. The wetland had a great diversity of the genus level (G-index), the family level (F-index) and the G-F index as calculated by the ratio of G-index to F-index. The G-index was 4.31, F-index as 22.57 and G-F index was 0.81. O. leucocephala annually arrived at Baihu wetland in middle of May and left in middle of October, and the peak number could be up to 45. Nonetheless, the present survey revealed that the process of urbanization could cause a serious deterioration of the bird habitat in Baihu wetland.
2015,34(3): 464-467 收稿日期:2014-9-16
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.03.028
分类号:Q958.1;Q959.7
基金项目:世界自然基金会2012湿地飞羽项目;新疆湿地生态系统服务功能监测评估与示范项目
作者简介:蔡新斌(1976—),男,副研究员,主要从事野生动物保护研究工作,E-mail:cxbxj@163.com
*通讯作者:林宣龙,E-mail:xuanlonglin@163.com
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