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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2015 Vol.34 No.3

Analysis of the Edge Effect and Dynamics of Dominant Species of Ground-dwelling Spiders in Soybean Field in Xiuyan, Liaoning Province
Author of the article:HE Changtong, ZHENG Guo*, LI Xuejun
Author's Workplace:College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, China
Key Words:soybean field; spider; dominant species; diversity; edge effect
Abstract:In order to study the edge effect and dynamics of dominant species of ground-dwelling spiders, an investigation was conducted in soybean fields in Xiuyan, Liaoning province using pitfall traps. We collected 3312 adult spiders, belonging to 38 species, 23 genera and 11 families. Among of which, Lycosidae and Linyphiidae were dominant families; Alopecosa albostriata, Pardosa chionophila, Pardosa hedini, Hylyphantes graminicola and Erigone koshiensis were dominant species. The number of the spiders and the dominant in the edge and the interior of the soybean fields were varied. The number of species, Margalef's species richness (D) and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') were descended from the edge to the interior, which indicated that ground-dwelling spiders were affected obviously by edge effect. The community similarity analysis also confirmed the result. Moreover, the intercropping of soybean and corn could significantly improve the Pielou evenness index, but had little effect on species diversity and abundance. Dynamic analysis of the dominant species showed an obviously dynamic change to ground-dwelling spiders in soybean fields.
2015,34(3): 364-369 收稿日期:2014-10-27
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.03.007
分类号:Q958.15
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31372224,31172121);公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201103022);辽宁省高等学校优秀人才支持计划(LJQ2012094)
作者简介:何昌彤(1989—), 女,硕士研究生,主要从事蜘蛛生态学研究, E-mail:499422091@qq.com
*通讯作者:郑国, E-mail:zhengguo@synu.edu.cn
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