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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2014 Vol.33 No.4

Thirty-years’ Conservation of Crested Ibis Nipponia nippon in China: A Model for Community-based Conservation of Animal Species with Extremely Small Populations
Author of the article:LIU Dongping1, WANG Chao2, QING Baoping2, DING Haihua2, LU Jun1*
Author's Workplace:(1. Key Open Laboratory of Forest Protection of State Forestry Administration Research, Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China; 2. Shaanxi Hanzhong Crested Ibis National Nature Reserve, Yangxian, Shaanxi Province 723300, China)
Key Words:Nipponia nippon; community-based conservation; animal species with extremely small populations; endangered species; Yangxian
Abstract:The crested ibis Nipponia nippon is one of the most endangered bird species in the world. When the crested ibis populations died out in the East Asian distribution countries in the middle of the 20th century, seven wild birds, the world’s only remaining population, was discovered in Yangxian of Shaanxi province, China, in 1981. With 30-years’ conservation efforts, this extremely small population has increased to about 1000 individuals, and 10 ex-situ captive populations and 4 reintroduced populations have been established in China, Japan and South Korea, and then the world population of this species was reached more than 2000. The conservation of crested ibis was considered as a successful model of conservation of endangered species by extremely small populations. According to the population status, the population has undergone three development periods in the past 30 years: extremely small population saving period (year 1981~1992), extremely small population growing period (year 1993~2002), and small population rapid growing period (after 2003). Different and suitable community-based conservation measures have been taken to ensure the safety and development of the population, including seeking policy support from government, involving community residents in conservation activities, habitat improvement and loss compensation, community development support and community propaganda. The core idea of community-based conservation for crested ibis is to encourage local community residents to be involved in the conservation activities and to benefit from it, so as to achieve the virtuous circle of crested ibis conservation and community development. In this review, we summarized the methods and experiences of community-based conservation of crested ibis in the past 30 years, discussed the facing problems, and put up some conservation suggestions.
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