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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2013 Vol.32 No.4

Time Budget and Activity Rhythm of Captive Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii in Breeding Season
Author of the article:ZHONG Xue1#, DOU Liang1#, YANG Benqing2, DENG Chunguo2, MA Hong2, LI Guiren2, RAN Jianghong1*
Author's Workplace:(1. College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Bio-resources and Eco-environment of Ministry Education, Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology on Endangered Wildlife of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610064, China; 2.Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve, Baoxing, Sichuan Province 625700, China)
Key Words:Lophophorus lhuysii; breeding; activity rhythm; time budget; Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve
Abstract:

From March to June, the time budget and activity rhythm of captive Chinese monals were studied at Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve (Baoxing county, Sichuan province, China) in 2006 and 2011. The results showed that: 1) the breeding behavior and social behavior occurred in all day and there were same patterns in the moving behavior and the feeding behavior. The captive Chinese monals usually rest at noon and forage continually at 9:00 or 17:30; 2) The resting behavior was the most (Mean±SE, 54.18%±2.861%), followed by the moving behavior (34.29%±2.379%), the feeding behavior (5.51%±0.470%), the breeding behavior (3.68%±0.337%), and the social behavior (0.64%±0.106%), and the maintaining behavior (1.64%±0.287%) was the least; 3) Significant difference were observed in behaviors of Baoxing captive Chinese monal population (P<0.0001), between different daily time in the resting behavior, the moving behavior and the social behavior (P value are all <0.001), and between sex in feeding behavior (t=-3.28, P=0.014).

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