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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Preliminary Report on Impacted Mammals with Camera Traps in Water Diversion Project Construction Area, Mt. Qinling
Author of the article:HE Gang,GUO Songtao,JIN Xuelin,ZHANG He,SHI Zhihui,LIU Yichen,LI Dongqun,JIA Kangsheng,ZHENG Pengbin
Author's Workplace:1. College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi’an710069, China; 2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Animal Conservation, Northwest University, Xi’an710069, China; 3. Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, Shaanxi Academy of Sciences, Xi’an710032, China; 4. Shaanxi Rare Wildlife Rescue and Research Center, Xi’an 710402, China; 5.Old Courtry Nature Reserve of Zhouzhi, Xi’an 710400, China; 6. The University of Western Australia, Western Australia 6907, Australia
Key Words:Water diversion project; Qinling Mountains; Mammals; Infrared Camera; Variation of Animal Populations
Abstract:With infrared cameras located at 4 monitoring stations, some mammals with larger and medium body sizes were observed and studied in a special area of Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi Province, where a Han-Wei water diversion project is under construction. Data collection of the observed records was commenced from January 2015 to December 2016. The results indicate that 9 species belonging in 9 families of 3 Orders were recorded and accounted, including golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana), golden takin (Budorcas bedfordi) and forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii), which are endangered animals listed as level I on the Red List of China’s animals. Other animals frequently recorded are wild boars (Sus scrofa) and Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica). A comparison between the two years shows that a remarkable differentiation in animal appearing frequency has been found; lesser frequency in 2016 than 2015. This means that the infrastructure of the water project has already generated some negative impacts on animal activities and their normal behaviours due to the man-made disturbances – noises and landscape change – on the wildlife in the area. The most severe is, however, from the creation of the barriers for animal migration and normal movements. Thus, the results reported in this study arouse a deep concern that the further impacts on the wildlife could be more prominent following a further development and extension of the project. Thus, it is urgent to have the wild animals in the region extensively monitored; and set up a liaison among the government, conservation organization, scientists and water project administration in order to form a tangible strategy and management that aims to: 1) reduce the magnitude of natural environmental fragmentation; 2) recover the sites adopted by the animals; and 3) diminish the interruption and disturbance to the animals caused by the project and humans.
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