Thinking about the Supervision of Animal Release
Author of the article:GONG Minghao1*，WANG Junyan1，ZHANG Ling2，LIU Gang
Author's Workplace：Research Institute of Wetland, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091， China Wildlife Conservation Association
Key Words：animal release; supervision; ecological invasion; ecological security; technical standards
Abstract：Prayer animal release has long been a religion custom and is practiced widely in China. Because of the lack of professional guidance and supervision, animal releases have caused a series of environmental accidents including pollutions and species invasions, and resulted in a large number of excess death of release animals, public security problems and illegal poaching increasing, which have had significant negative impacts on the production and living of local residents, as well as on the wildlife protection and management. At the same time, they also run counter to the original meaning of animal release in Buddhist teachings. The new revision of Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife in 2016 has introduced provisions of animal release, which provided clear and unequivocal legal basis for supervision and control to animal release, and meet the actual need of current nature conservation in China. With the requirement of new law, it needs to enhance the management on animal releasing. This article suggests to formulate the regulation based on the new law to improve its feasibility, appoint the specific management department, and to build the technical standards and management process of animal release including the environment for animal releases, the number of prayer animals, the fitness and environmental impacts of prayer animals, the time and the place for releases, and the monitoring plan after animal releases. We hope that they can provide technique and regulation supporting to ensure that animal releases are practiced in a scientific, well-organized and safe way. Simultaneously, based on the consideration that animal releasing was still a human disturbance to natural ecosystem, it should be banned and replaced by the program of field conservation to reach its religious goal consistently in the long term.