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广东连州风电场鸟类多样性及其对风机的响应
Bird Diversity and Its Responses to Wind Turbines at the Lianzhou Wind Power Plant, Guangdong
蔡国威1,2, 袁倩敏1, 梁健超1, 魏龙3, 蔡坚3*, 丁志锋1*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200441
作者单位:1. 广东省科学院动物研究所, 广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室, 广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室, 广州 510260;
2. 广州大学生命科学学院, 广州 510006;
3. 广东省森林培育与保护利用重点实验室/广东省林业科学研究院, 广州 510520
中文关键字:连州;风电场;鸟类;多样性
英文关键字:Lianzhou City; wind power plant; bird; diversity
中文摘要:风力发电作为绿色新能源在近年来快速发展的同时,其对周边环境的影响尤其是对鸟类的影响成为研究的热点。为探究鸟类对风电场风机的响应,2019年1、3、4、5月,采用样线法对广东省连州风电场的鸟类多样性进行了4次调查。共设置样线32条,根据样线离风机的距离分为4个梯度,其中,100~300 m样线6条,300~500 m 13条,500~700 m 8条,>700 m 5条。结果显示:1)共记录鸟类112种,隶属于12目37科,目、科数量最多的分别为雀形目Passeriformes (78种)、画眉科Timaliidae (12种);2)鸟类物种、属和科的丰富度随着离风机距离的增加而呈增加趋势:在500 m以内无显著性差异,500 m外显著增加;种-属比率也呈现出相似的增加趋势。本研究结果表明,风力发电机对鸟类的影响主要在距离<500 m的范围,这种影响可能与风机产生的噪音、直接或间接的栖息地改变等有关。
英文摘要:Wind power, as green energy sources, is rapidly developing in recent years. However, the potential impact of wind farm on surrounding environment, especially on bird activity has received extensive attention. To estimate the effect of wind turbines on bird diversity, line transect surveys for birds were conducted in January, March, April and May of 2019 in the Lianzhou Wind Power Plant (Guangdong Province). According to the distance from wind turbines, a total of 32 transect lines were separated into 4 gradients:100-300 m (6 transect lines), 300-500 m (13 transect lines), 500-700 m (8 transect lines), and >700 m (5 transect lines). The results showed that:1) a total of 112 bird species were recorded, and Passeriformes and Timaliidae have the highest species richness (78 and 12 species, respectively); 2) bird species richness, richness of family and genera increased with the increasing of distance from the wind turbines, especially when the distance was > 500 m. Additionally, species-genera ratios showed similar pattern. This study suggests that the impact of wind plants on bird diversity occurred within 500 m away from the wind turbines, and such impacts might be attributed to wind turbine noise, direct or indirect habitat changes etc.
2021,40(5): 558-567 收稿日期:2020-11-22
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:广东省林业科技创新项目(2017KJCX038和2019KJCX010);广东省科学院科技发展专项(2018GDASCX-0107)
作者简介:蔡国威,男,生物技术专业,E-mail:824832193@qq.com
*通信作者:蔡坚,男,高级工程师(教授级),研究方向:森林、湿地生态系统生物多样性保护与监测、生态服务功能效益监测与评价等,E-mail:caijian@sinogaf.cn;丁志锋,男,博士,副研究员,研究方向:鸟类生态学,E-mail:dingzhf@163.com
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