刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2021年第40卷第2期

北京城区麻雀的逃逸距离及其影响因素
Factors Influencing the Escape Distance of Tree Sparrows in Beijing City
张凡梦, 鄢冉, 刘恣妍, 夏灿玮*
点击:90次 下载:25次
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200327
作者单位:北京师范大学生命科学学院, 生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室, 北京 100875
中文关键字:麻雀;逃逸距离;北京;城市鸟类
英文关键字:Passer montanus; escape distance; Beijing; urban birds
中文摘要:行为的改变促进野生动物与人类共存,其中逃逸距离的改变是鸟类适应城市生境的重要机制。本研究量化城市常见鸟类麻雀Passer montanus的逃逸距离,并分析其影响因素。2019年夏季对北京城区14个公园和15个高校的1 326只麻雀的观测发现,麻雀的警戒距离为5. 67 m±1. 13 m、惊飞距离为4. 92 m±1. 12 m、飞逃距离为6. 51 m±1. 75 m。麻雀的逃逸距离受到麻雀群体大小、捕食风险和生境特征的共同影响:警戒距离、惊飞距离和飞逃距离均随着危险稀释而减小;警戒距离随着生境中庇护场所的减少而增加;惊飞距离随着人类干扰的增多而减小;当生境中捕食者较多时,麻雀选择较近的飞逃距离。本研究有助于增进对逃逸距离在种内变异的了解,并可为探讨野生动物在城市生境的适应机制提供基础资料。
英文摘要:Urbanization represents a dreadful challenge for wildlife. Behavioral adjustments assist animals in dealing with the urbanization process. Short escape distance is an important behavioral flexibility of birds in adaptation to urban environments. In this study, factors influencing the escape distances of a common urban bird species, tree sparrow (Passer montanus), were investigated in Beijing City. By observing 1 326 tree sparrows from 14 parks and 15 campuses in Beijing City during the summer of 2019, we found that the alert distance of tree sparrows was 5.67 m±1.13 m, the flight initiation distance was 4.92 m±1.12 m, and the distance fled was 6.51 m±1.75 m. The escape distance of tree sparrows was influenced by the combined effects of flock sizes, risk-taking and accessibility of refuge. Specially, alert distance, flight initiation distance, and distance fled decreased as flock sizes increased with lower risk-taking for each individual; alert distance increased when there were few places to take refuge; flight initiation distance decreased as the number of pedestrians increased; tree sparrows preferred shorter distance fled when there were more predators, like cats, in the habitat. These findings provide evidence of intraspecific variation in escape distance, and highlight the need of an integrated view of escape decisions to fully understand how animals tolerate urban environments.
2021,40(2): 160-168 收稿日期:2020-08-22
分类号:Q959.7;Q958
基金项目:北京师范大学本科生科研训练与创新创业项目
作者简介:张凡梦,女,本科生,参与鸟类行为研究,E-mail:201811200914@mail.bnu.edu.cn
*通信作者:夏灿玮,E-mail:xiacanwei@bnu.edu.cn
参考文献:
艾伟, 庄大方, 刘友兆. 2008. 北京市城市用地百年变迁分析[J]. 地球信息科学, 10(4):489-494.
鲍明霞, 杨森, 杨阳, 等. 2019. 城市常见鸟类对人为干扰的耐受距离研究[J]. 生物学杂志, 36(1):55-59.
方小斌, 邹瑀琦, 丁长青. 2017. 鸟类惊飞距离及其影响因素[J]. 动物学杂志, 52(5):897-910.
蒋一婷, 丁长青. 2014. 非致命性捕食风险对鸟类的影响[J]. 动物学杂志, 49(4):613-620.
潘超, 郑光美. 2003. 北京师范大学内麻雀冬季活动区的研究[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 39(4):537-540.
潘汝南, 赵树兰, 多立安. 2018. 飞机噪声与人为干扰对麻雀惊飞距离的影响[J]. 天津师范大学学报(自然科学版), 38(5):42-46, 80.
阮向东. 1989. 麻雀生态学研究进展[J]. 动物学杂志, 24:11, 44-48.
王彦平, 陈水华, 丁平. 2004. 惊飞距离——杭州常见鸟类对人为侵扰的适应性[J]. 动物学研究, 25(3):214-220.
胥帅帅, 邓竹青, 陈功, 等. 2018. 麻雀两性羽色的比较[J]. 动物学杂志, 53(5):693-700.
叶淑英, 王振龙, 路纪琪. 2013. 人为干扰对城市园林麻雀惊飞距离的影响[J]. 郑州大学学报(理学版), 45(4):96-101.
张谦益, 钟浩, 何飘雨, 等. 2019. 麻雀幼鸟和成鸟逃逸距离的比较[J]. 动物学杂志, 54(5):627-635.
张淑萍, 郑光美, 徐基良. 2006. 城市化对城市麻雀栖息地利用的影响:以北京市为例[J]. 生物多样性, 14(5):372-381.
Ashton KG. 2004. Comparing phylogenetic signal in intraspecific and interspecific body size datasets[J]. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17(5):1157-1161.
Bartoń K. 2020. MuMIn:multi-model inference. R package version 1.43.17[EB/OL]. (2020-4-15)[2020-12-6]. https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/CRAN/.
Beckerman AP, Boots M, Gaston KJ. 2007. Urban bird declines and the fear of cats[J]. Animal Conservation, 10(3):320-325.
Blumstein DT, Samia DSM, Cooper WE. 2016. Escape behavior:dynamic decisions and a growing consensus[J]. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 12:24-29.
Blumstein DT. 2019. What chasing birds can teach us about predation risk effects:past insights and future directions[J]. Journal of Ornithology, 160(2):587-592.
Cardoso GC. 2014. Nesting and acoustic ecology, but not phylogeny, influence passerine urban tolerance[J]. Global Change Biology, 20(3):803-810.
Clergeau P. 2006. Avifauna homogenisation by urbanisation:analysis at different European latitudes[J]. Biology Conservation, 127(3):336-344.
Cooper WE, Blumstein DT. 2015. Escaping from predators:an integrative view of escape decisions[M]. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
Cooper WE, Frederick WG. 2007. Optimal flight initiation distance[J]. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 244(1):59-67.
Cooper WE. 2003. Risk factors affecting escape behavior by the desert iguana, Dipsosaurus dorsalis:speed and directness of predator approach, degree of cover, direction of turning by a predator, and temperature[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81(6):979-984.
Dowling L, Bonier F. 2018. Should I stay, or should I go:modeling optimal flight initiation distance in nesting birds[J/OL]. PLoS ONE, 13(11):e0208210[2020-06-30]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208210.
Garamszegi LZ. 2014. Uncertainties due to within-species variation in comparative studies:measurement errors and statistical weights[M]//Garamszegi LZ. Modern phylogenetic comparative methods and their application in evolutionary biology. New York:Springer.
Hansen TF, Bartoszek K. 2012. Interpreting the evolutionary regression:the interplay between observational and biological errors in phylogenetic comparative studies[J]. Systematic Biology, 61(3):413-425.
Huang D, Su Z, Zhang R, et al. 2010. Degree of urbanization influences the persistence of Dorytomus weevils (Coleoptera:Curculionoidae) in Beijing, China[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 96(3):163-171.
Ives AR, Midford PE, Garland T. 2007. Within-species variation and measurement error in phylogenetic comparative methods[J]. Systematic Biology, 56(2):252-270.
Legagneux P, Ducatez S. 2013. European birds adjust their flight initiation distance to road speed limits[J/OL]. Biology Letters, 9(5):20130417[2020-06-30]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0417.
Lowry H, Lill L, Wong BBM. 2013. Behavioural responses of wildlife to urban environments[J]. Biological Reviews, 88(3):537-549.
Luck GW. 2007. A review of the relationships between human population density and biodiversity[J]. Biological Reviews, 82(4):607-645.
Møller AP, Liang W. 2013. Tropical birds take small risks[J]. Behavioral Ecology, 24(1):267-272.
Møller AP, Nielsen JT, Garamszegi LZ. 2008. Risk taking by singing males[J]. Behavioral Ecology, 19(1):41-53.
Møller AP, Samia DSM, Weston MA, et al. 2016. Flight initiation distances in relation to sexual dichromatism and body size in birds from three continents[J]. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117(4):823-831.
Møller AP, Xia CW. 2020. The ecological significance of birds feeding from the hand of humans[J/OL]. Scientific Reports, 10:9773[2020-06-30]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66165-9.
Møller AP. 2008. Flight distance of urban birds, predation, and selection for urban life[J]. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(1):63-75.
Møller AP. 2011. Song post height in relation to predator diversity and urbanization[J]. Ethology, 117(6):529-538.
Nakagawa S, Schielzeth H. 2010. Repeatability for Gaussian and non-Gaussian data:a practical guide for biologists[J]. Biological Reviews, 85(4):935-956.
Parris KM, Schneider A. 2009. Impacts of traffic noise and traffic volume on birds of roadside habitats[J/OL]. Ecology and Society, 14(1):29[2020-06-30]. https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art29/.
Rankin DJ, Bargum K, Kokko H. 2007. The tragedy of the commons in evolutionary biology[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22(12):643-651.
Rankin DJ. 2005. Can adaptation lead to extinction?[J]. Oikos, 111(3):616-619.
Sala OE, Chapin FS, Armesto JJ, et al. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100[J]. Science, 287(5459):1770-1774.
Samia DSM, Nakagawa S, Nomura F, et al. 2015. Increased tolerance to humans among disturbed wildlife[J/OL]. Nature Communications, 6:8877[2020-06-30]. https://nature.com/articles/ncomms9877/.
Schlesinger MD, Manley PN, Holyoak M. 2008. Distinguishing stressors acting on land bird communities in an urbanizing environment[J]. Ecology, 89(8):2302-2314.
Slabbekoorn H, Ripmeester EAP. 2008. Birdsong and anthropogenic noise:implications and applications for conservation[J]. Molecular Ecology, 17(1):72-83.
Sol D, Lapiedra O, González-Lagos C. 2013. Behavioural adjustments for a life in the city[J]. Animal Behaviour, 85(5):1101-1112.
Sol D, Maspons J, Gonzalez-Voyer A, et al. 2018. Risk-taking behavior, urbanization and the pace of life in birds[J/OL]. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 72(3):59[2020-06-30]. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-018-2463-0.
Stankowich T, Blumstein DT. 2005. Fear in animals:a meta-analysis and review of risk assessment[J]. Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences, 272(1581):2627-2634.
Stone GN, Nee S, Felsenstein J. 2011. Controlling for non-independence in comparative analysis of patterns across populations within species[J]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences, 366(1569):1410-1424.
Symonds MRE, Moussalli A. 2011. A brief guide to model selection, multimodel inference and model averaging in behavioural ecology using Akaike's information criterion[J]. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(1):13-21.
Tatte K, Møller AP, Mand R. 2018. Towards an integrated view of escape decisions in birds:relation between flight initiation distance and distance fled[J]. Animal Behaviour, 136(1):75-86.
Ydenberg RC, Dill LM. 1986. The economics of fleeing from predators[J]. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 16:229-249.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2021四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号-3
您是本站第9770226名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号