刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2020年第39卷第5期

四川宜宾地区云豹的潜在猎物资源与潜在栖息地景观格局研究
Study on Potential Prey Resources and Potential Habitat Landscape Pattern of Neofelis nebulosa in Yibin, Sichuan
付焱文1,2, 李蔓1,2, 李东睿1,2, 廖婷1,2, 冉江洪1,2*, 杨旭煜3, 杜一平3
点击:362次 下载:97次
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200026
作者单位:1. 四川大学生命科学学院, 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室, 成都 610065;
2. 四川省濒危野生动物保护遗传重点实验室, 成都 610065;
3. 四川省野生动物资源调查保护管理站, 成都 610081
中文关键字:云豹;猎物;潜在栖息地;景观格局
英文关键字:Neofelis nebulosa; prey; potential habitat; landscape pattern
中文摘要:云豹Neofelis nebulosa是国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物,被世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)濒危物种红色名录列为易危(VU)等级,习性隐秘且树栖性强,我国对其野外生存状况鲜有研究。四川省宜宾市是云豹的历史分布区,自2007年发现云豹实体后再无记录报道。2018—2019年,采用样线法和红外相机陷阱法对宜宾市可能有云豹分布的3个县(长宁县、兴文县和珙县)进行了野外调查,结果显示:(1)未发现云豹的活动痕迹或实体;(2)共记录到云豹潜在猎物13种:哺乳动物7种、鸟类6种。(3)适宜云豹生存的阔叶林面积较小,仅有172.37 km2,占研究区域总面积的16.77%;潜在适宜栖息地面积515.95 km2,占50.21%,但潜在栖息地被道路切割严重,最大斑块面积为230.39 km2,最小斑块面积为48.85 km2。研究表明,云豹现有潜在栖息地破碎化严重,其偏好的阔叶林面积小、猎物资源匮乏,较难持续维持云豹种群的稳定发展。建议开展长期的红外相机监测工作;同时加强生境恢复和保护,以保护生物多样性和珍稀濒危物种种群。
英文摘要:Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), a secretive and arboreal wild animal, is one of the class Ⅰ nationally key protected species in China and listed as vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN red list of threatened species. However, there were few studies regarding this species in China. N. nebulosa was once distributed in Yibin City, Sichuan Province, but they have not been recorded since 2007. From 2018 to 2019, 3 counties where N. nebulosa possibly distributed in Yibin City were investigated by using the methods of line sampling and infrared camera trap. The results showed that: (1) no traces or entities of N. nebulosa was found in the field survey; (2) A total of 13 potential prey species of N. nebulosa were identified, including 7 species of mammals and 6 species of birds; (3) The analysis of landscape pattern revealed that broad-leaved forests were suitable for N. nebulosa covered only 172.37 km2 accounting for 16.77% of the total study area, and the potentially suitable habitat for N. nebulosa covered an area of 515.95 km2 accounting for 50.21%. Nevertheless, the potential habitat was fragmented by roads, with a maximum patch size of 230.39 km2 and a minimum patch size of 48.85 km2. This study demonstrated that the existing potential habitat for N. nebulosa was severely fragmented with small broad-leaved forest, and thus the scarce potential prey resources greatly limited the stable development of N. nebulosa population. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out long-term monitoring of N. nebulosa using infrared cameras and to promote the restoration and protection of habitats at the same time, so as to protect the biodiversity and the rare and endangered species.
2020,39(5): 481-490 收稿日期:2020-01-18
分类号:Q959.838
基金项目:四川省云豹分布与种群数量调查项目
作者简介:付焱文(1995-),硕士研究生,研究方向:野生动植物保护,E-mail:fuyanwen1314@163.com
*通信作者:冉江洪,E-mail:rjhong-01@163.com
参考文献:
Richard BH, Kenneth PB. 2002.关于使用样线法估计种群密度[J]. 动物学报, 48(6):812-818.
Smith AT, 解焱. 2009. 中国兽类野外手册[M]. 长沙:湖南教育出版社.
杜婧. 2014. 黑龙江省野生东北虎生境适宜度评价[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
蒋志刚. 2001. 野生动物的价值与生态服务功能[J]. 生态学报, (11):1909-1917.
刘芳, 李迪强, 吴记贵. 2012. 利用红外相机调查北京松山国家级自然保护区的野生动物物种[J]. 生态学报, 32(3):730-739.
邱宝鸿, 史国强, 罗玉梅, 等. 2017. 长白山自然保护区固定监测样线兽类初步调查与监测[J]. 北华大学学报(自然科学版), 18(5):576-580.
盛和林. 1976. 虎、豹和云豹的食物[J]. 动物学杂志, (1):41.
施白南, 赵尔宓. 1982. 四川资源动物志第一卷[M]. 成都:四川人民出版社.
王丞, 周大庆, 梁盛, 等. 2019. 贵州赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区鸟兽多样性红外相机初步监测[J]. 生物多样性, 27(10):1147-1152.
王酉之, 胡锦矗. 1999. 四川兽类原色图鉴[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
肖治术, 李欣海, 姜广顺. 2014. 红外相机技术在我国野生动物监测研究中的应用[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):683-684.
杨道德. 2017. 洞庭湖区麋鹿野外放归初期家域研究[C]//成都:第十三届全国野生动物生态与资源保护学术研讨会暨第六届中国西部动物学学术研讨会论文摘要集.
由畅, 周永斌, 于丽芬. 2006. 景观破碎化数量分析方法概述[J]. 中国农学通报, (5):146-151.
张鹏, 姜广顺, 肖治术. 2014. 运用红外相机和样线法调查黑龙江双河自然保护区兽类资源[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):773-775.
赵成. 2015. 人为干扰对大熊猫分布及其栖息地影响研究——以大相岭山系为例[D]. 成都:四川大学.
赵正阶. 2001. 中国鸟类志[M]. 吉林:吉林科学技术出版社.
周应再, 余新林, 彭明统, 等. 2020. 红外相机技术在高黎贡山国家级自然保护区南段西坡野生动物监测中的应用[J]. 安徽农业科学, 48(4):108-111.
Austin CS, Tewes EM, Grassman IL, et al. 2007. Ecology and conservation of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand[J]. ACTA Zoologica Sinica, 53(1):1-14.
Aziz SA, Laurance WF, Clements R. 2010. Forests reserved for rubber?[J]. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8(4):178.
Carbone C, Mace GM, Roberts SC, et al. 1999. Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores[J]. Nature, 402:286-288.
Chapin FS,Zavaleta ES, Eviner VT, et al. 2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity[J]. Nature, 405(6783):234-242.
Chiang PJ, Pei KJC, Vaughan MR, et al. 2015. Is the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa extinct in Taiwan, and could it be reintroduced? An assessment of prey and habitat[J]. Oryx, 49(2):261-269.
Dinerstein E, Mehta JN. 1988. The clouded leopard in Nepal[J]. Oryx, 23:199-201.
Estes JA, Terborgh JS, Power ME, et al. 2011. Trophic downgrading of planet earth[J]. Science, 333(6040):301-306.
Grassman IL, Lynam A, Mohamad S, et al. 2015. Neofelis nebulosa, clouded leopard[EB/OL]. (2016-01-20)[2019-09-29]. http://www.iucnredlist.org.
Grassman IL, Tewes ME, Silvy NJ, et al. 2005. Ecology of three sympatric felids in a mixed evergreen forest in north-central Thailand[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 86(1):29-38.
Hazarika AF. 1996. Goat predation by clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) in Kakoi Reserve Forest of Assam[J]. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 93(3):584-585.
Kawanishi K, Sahak AM, Sunquist M. 1999. Preliminary analysis on abundance of large mammals at Sungai Relau, Taman negara[J]. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 17:62-82.
Koh LP, Wilcove DS. 2008. Is oil palm agriculture really destroying tropical biodiversity?[J]. Conservation Letters, 1(2):60-64.
Löe J, Röskaft E. 2004. Large carnivores and human safety:a review[J]. Ambio, 33(6):283-288.
Manandhar R, Odeh IOA, Ancev T. 2009. Improving the accuracy of land use and land cover classification of Landsat data using post-classification enhancement[J]. Remote Sensing, 1(3):330-344.
Mills IMGL, Broomhall LS, Du TJT. 2004. Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus feeding ecology in the Kruger National Park and a comparison across African savanna habitats:is the cheetah only a successful hunter on open grassland plains?[J]. Wildlife Biology, 10(3):177-186.
Mohamad SW, Rayan DM, Christopher WCT, et al. 2015. The first description of population density and habitat use of the mainland clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa within a logged-primary forest in southeast Asia[J]. Population Ecology, 57(3):495-503.
Nowak RM. 2005. Walker's carnivores of the world[D]. Maryland:The Johns Hopkins University.
Nowell K, Jackson P. 1996. Wildcats:status survey and conservation action plan[M]. Gland:IUCN.
O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT. 2003. Crouching tigers, hidden prey:Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape[J]. Animal Conservation, 6(2):131-139.
Pedersen VA, Linnell JDC, Andersen R, et al. 1999. Winter lynx Lynx lynx predation on semi-domestic reindeer Rangifer tarandus in northern Sweden[J]. Wildlife Biology, 5(4):203-211.
Ripple WJ, Estes JA, Beschta RL, et al. 2014. Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores[J]. Science, 343(6167):151-156.
Rouget M, Cowling RM, Lombard AT, et al. 2006. Designing large-scale conservation corridors for pattern and process[J]. Conservation Biology:the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 20(2):549-561.
Terborgh J, Lopez L, Nuñez P, et al. 2001. Ecological meltdown in predator-free forest fragments[J]. Science, 294(5548):1923-1926.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2020四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号
您是本站第9233918名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号