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穴居啮齿动物震动信号的意义及研究展望
A Review on the Seismic Signal in Fossorial Rodents
张飞宇, 周建伟, 花立民*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180351
作者单位:甘肃农业大学草业学院, 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室, 兰州 730070
中文关键字:啮齿动物;震动通讯;震动信号
英文关键字:rodents; seismic communication; seismic signal
中文摘要:穴居啮齿动物一般生活在黑暗、复杂的地下洞道环境中。营地下生活的特殊栖息环境使其进化出了与环境相适应的震动通讯,用来实现个体或社群间的信息联系。震动通讯是动物界中一种独特的信息传递方式,穴居啮齿动物的震动通讯已成为行为生态学研究的热点之一。了解震动信号发生和接收的部位、特征及其生物学意义,对于完善和发展穴居啮齿动物基础研究具有重大意义。但是,对于穴居啮齿动物来说,其独特的地下栖息生活方式增加了解读震动信号的难度。这些挑战导致穴居啮齿动物震动通讯方面研究进展缓慢、科研文章较少。本文在查阅国内外穴居啮齿动物震动通讯研究文献的基础上,分别从具有震动通讯特征的穴居啮齿动物种类、分布,震动信号发生和接收部位,震动信号的作用以及研究方法等方面进行了概述,并展望了震动信号在鼠害防控、医疗等领域应用的可能性。本文旨在为今后研究穴居啮齿动物震动通讯提供参考。
英文摘要:Fossorial rodents generally live in dark and complex underground tunnel environments, which leads to the development of seismic communication between rodent individuals or colonies. Seismic communication is a unique mode of animal communication, and study on the seismic communication of fossorial rodents is one of research hotspots in animal behavioral ecology. Understanding the producing and receiving body parts, characteristics, and biological meaning of seismic signals are of great significance to facilitate the development of basic research related to fossorial rodents. However, the lifestyle of fossorial rodents living underground brings a challenge for studying their seismic communication. Here, we review the species, the distribution, the producing/receiving body parts and function of seismic signals, and the research methods of worldwide rodent species with seismic communication, and we also prospect the possibility of applying seismic signal in rodent pest control, medicine, which may provide important reference for the further study on the seismic signal of fossorial rodents.
2019,38(4): 464-471 收稿日期:2018-11-22
分类号:Q959.837
基金项目:川西北和甘南退化高寒生态系统综合整治项目(2017YFC0504803);三江源区退化高寒生态系统恢复技术及示范项目(2016YFC0501902);甘肃省高校协同创新科技团队支持计划项目
作者简介:张飞宇,男,硕士研究生,研究方向:动物行为,E-mail:zhangfeiyu_gsau@163.com
*通信作者:花立民,E-mail:hualm@gsau.edu.cn
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