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四川老君山国家级自然保护区红翅噪鹛的繁殖生态研究
Breeding Ecology of Trochalopteron formosum in Sichuan Laojunshan National Nature Reserve
吴永恒1,2, 孔赤平1,2, 向明3, 付义强2*
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作者单位:1. 新疆农业大学动物科学学院, 乌鲁木齐 830052;
2. 乐山师范学院生命科学学院, 西南山地濒危鸟类保护四川省高校重点实验室, 四川乐山 614004;
3. 广西大学动物科学技术学院, 南宁 530005
中文关键字:红翅噪鹛;种群密度;繁殖生态;巢址选择;四川老君山国家级自然保护区
英文关键字:Trochalopteron formosum; population density; breeding ecology; nest-site selection; Sichuan Laojunshan National Nature Reserve
中文摘要:20142016年繁殖季,在四川老君山国家级自然保护区内对红翅噪鹛Trochalopteron formosum的繁殖生态进行了初步研究。结果显示,红翅噪鹛的繁殖期为4月下旬到9月中旬。在2016年,红翅噪鹛的繁殖种群密度为14.733只/km2(95%置信区间:11.727~18.511;变异系数:0.115),主要在八月竹Chimonobambusa szechuanensis上筑巢。在产卵期,雌鸟每天清晨产1枚卵,平均窝卵数为2.28枚±0.09枚(n=24;范围:2~3)。孵卵期14~15 d,孵化率约59.6%。育雏期14 d,出飞率约50.0%。天敌捕食是红翅噪鹛繁殖失败的首要原因。红翅噪鹛偏好乔木盖度低、竹子较高和竹子盖度较大的巢址生境。乔木盖度可能是影响红翅噪鹛巢址选择的关键生态因子。
英文摘要:A preliminary study based on the breeding ecology of red-winged laughingthrush (Trochalopteron formosum) was conducted during the breeding seasons from 2014 to 2016 in Laojunshan National Nature Reserve, Pingshan county, Sichuan province, China. The results showed that the breeding period of T. formosum was from late April to mid-September. In 2016, the breeding population density was 14.733 ind./km2 (95% confidence interval:11.727-18.511|coefficient of variation:0.115). Nests were found mainly in bamboo (Chimonobambusa szechuanensis). In addition, the female laid an egg in the morning during the egg-laying period, and the average clutch size was 2.28 eggs±0.09 eggs (n=24, range=2-3 eggs). The incubation period was 14-15 days, and the hatching rate was about 59.6%. The nestling period was 14 days, and the fledging rate was about 50.0%. Nest predation was the primary factor causing breeding failure of T. formosum. The species preferred nest-sites with less arbor and more tall bamboo, and the coverage of trees might be the key factor affecting the nest-site selection of T. formosum.
2018,37(5): 578-584 收稿日期:2018-02-14
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180057
分类号:Q959.7;Q958
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31272330);乐山师范学院科研创新团队建设计划项目
作者简介:吴永恒,男,硕士研究生,研究方向:鸟类生态学,E-mail:15397926809@163.com
*通讯作者:付义强,E-mail:fyq512@126.com
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