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遗鸥舌头微观结构研究
Ultrastructural Study of the Tongue of Larus relictus
刘利1, 张乐1, 孙艳1, 苗春林2, 张刚3, 刘晓光1*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20160276
作者单位:1. 包头师范学院生物科学与技术学院, 内蒙古包头 014030;
2. 包头南海子湿地保护区管理处, 内蒙古包头 014040;
3. 鄂尔多斯市乌审旗林业局, 内蒙古鄂尔多斯 017300
中文关键字:遗鸥;栖息环境;舌头;微观结构
英文关键字:Larus relictus; habitat; tongue; ultrastructure
中文摘要:采用光学显微镜及电子扫描显微镜对遗鸥Larus relictus舌头微观结构进行研究。结果显示:遗鸥的舌头呈细长三角形,由舌尖、舌体、舌根3部分构成。舌尖分叉先端特化为角质的舌突起,舌尖表面有大量脱落的上皮细胞,细胞表面为指纹状;舌体表面光滑,上皮细胞为细长形,表面呈微嵴状;舌根表面有少量的唾液腺开口分布。从功能上分类,遗鸥舌头符合采集食物型舌头结构特征。舌乳突发育不完善,仅锥状乳突在舌体和舌根分界处及上颌表面呈列状分布,乳突末端指向口腔内部。舌黏膜内未见味蕾分布。遗鸥口腔结构的特点与部分鸥科Laridae鸟类区别明显,这可能与遗鸥栖息环境不断恶化、食物种类和数量匮乏有关。
英文摘要:In this study, the ultrastructure of the tongue of Larus relictus was observed using light and scanning electron microscopy. The tongue of L. relictus was triangular in shape, and comprised 3 different parts:the lingual apex, lingual body, and lingual root. The tongue fork had keratinized processes at the lingual apex; the lingual apex had a large number of epithelial cells, and the cell surfaces appear to form a fingerprint. The surface of the lingual body was smooth, and the epithelial cells were elongated with cell surface microridges. The surface of the lingual root had a small number of salivary gland openings. These results indicated that the structure of the tongue of L. relictus was adapted to collecting food. Moreover, the papillae on the lingual mucosa were not perfectly developed and had a cone-shaped appearance, with a row-like distribution on the maxillary surface and at the boundary between the body and root, and the papillae ends point toward the intra-oral cavity. Taste buds in the lingual mucosa were also underdeveloped. Obvious differences existed in the characteristics of the oral structure between L. relictus and other members of the Laridae family, which may be related to habitat deterioration, changes in food type, or food scarcity.
2017,36(2): 181-186 收稿日期:2016-10-12
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20160276
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31560598);内蒙古自治区自然科学基金项目(2015MS0321);教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金项目(2014-1685);内蒙古留学回区人员科研启动基金项目(2015-339)
作者简介:刘利(1978-),男,博士,讲师,研究方向:动物生态学,E-mail:liuli4304842@126.com
*通讯作者:刘晓光,E-mail:lxg63121@163.com
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