The Surveys on Waterbird Population in Tumuji National Nature Reserve, Inner Mogonlia, China
The community and spatiotemporal distribution of waterbirds in Tumuji National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia were studied from May 2014 to April 2015. Twenty-seven sites were chosen based on the vegetation types, the river stream, and waterbird cluster in the reserve. A total of 58 species belonging to 14 families and 7 orders were recorded. The annual peak number of waterbirds was observed in April, while the numbers of individual and species decreased from May to August, followed by a significant increase of number in October. However, only great bustards (Otis tarda
) were found from December to the next March. Peak number of O. tarda
occurred from February to May. The most abundant species in the migration season (spring and autumn) were geese and ducks, and the number of which were correlated with the size and diversity of waterbirds in the whole area. Tumuji wetland, Sandao wetland and Dong wetland, which had large areas of marshes, were the most ideal feeding and resting habitats of geese and ducks. Banding recoveries indicated that white-naped cranes (Grus vipio
) and red-crowned cranes (G. japonensis
) reproduced in the reserve, and then migrated to Kagoshima (Japan) and Yancheng (Jiangsu province, China) for wintering, respectively; some breeding gray herons (Ardea cinerea
) in the reserve migrated to Zhoushan (Zhejiang province, China) for wintering; there were also some oriental white storks (Ciconia boyciana
) which first wintered in Xingkaihu Lake (Heilongjiang province) and then breeding in the reserve.
2016,35(4): 617-621 收稿日期：2016-02-22
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