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克鲁伦河两岸鸟类资源调查初报
A Preliminary Avian Survey of Kherlen River
乌力吉1, 刘松涛1, 窦华山1, 格日乐朝克图1, 苏日古嘎1, 纳·瑟旺米都格2, 波·巴图道尔吉3
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DOI:
作者单位:1. 中国内蒙古呼伦湖国家级自然保护区, 内蒙古海拉尔 021008;
2. 蒙古国科学院鸟类研究所, 蒙古乌兰巴托 210351;
3. 蒙古国蒙古达乌尔国家自然保护区, 蒙古乔巴山
中文关键字:克鲁伦河;鸟类;调查
英文关键字:Kherlen River; birds; survey
中文摘要:1994-2014年,中蒙俄达乌尔国际保护区科研人员对克鲁伦河流域的鸟类开展了多次实地考察,共记录到鸟类18目52科288种,其中非雀形目鸟类17目30科166种,占鸟类总物种数的57.64%,为本地区鸟类主体。克鲁伦河流域的鸟类以夏候鸟(147种)和旅鸟(66种)为主,占本地区鸟类总物种数的73.70%。本地区鸟类以湿地鸟类为主,共192种,占鸟类总物种数的66.43%。另外草原鸟类主要由隼形目猛禽白头鹞Circus aeruginosus、白腹鹞Circus spilonotus等种类和雀形目鸟类组成。
英文摘要:Scientists of the Dauria International Protected Areas conducted a series of field surveys on birds at the Kherlen River Basin from 1994 to 2014. In total, 288 bird species of 52 families and 18 orders were recorded. Among of which, Non-passeriformes were the dominant species, with 166 species belonging to 30 families, 17 orders, accounting for 57.64% of the totalspecies. The resident types were mostly summer residents (147 species) and migrants (66 species), accounting for 73.70% of the total species. The number of waterfowl and wading birds were 192, accounting for 66.43% of the total species. There were also a large number of Passeriformes and Falconiformes, such as western marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) and eastern marsh harrier (Circus spilonotus) on the grassland.
2016,35(4): 609-616 收稿日期:2015-03-20
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20150103
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:环境保护部中俄跨界自然保护区建设项目
作者简介:乌力吉(1962-),男,蒙古族,高级工程师,从事草原湿地研究,E-mail:liji_wu@aliyun.com
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